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The total number of people living in a particular place, at a particular time, is known as apopulation. Population studies are concerned with the size, composition, and distribution of the population. The knowledge of population studies are important for planning, particularly by governments in the fields such as health, education, housing, social
security, employment, and environmental preservation. The governments are concerned with its size, its structure and characteristics, its distribution and the changes taking place due to the interaction of fertility, mortality, and migration.
Population education can be defined as a process of developing awareness and understanding of population situation among people and making them more responsible towards managing the population. It is an educational program which provides learners the study of population situation in family, community, nation and the world with the purpose of developing rational and responsible attitudes and behavior towards that situation.
Population education makes the people aware of the population related issues. It is an educational process which focuses on population and its management. It is a continuous and dynamic process. It gives knowledge about the population situation, makes people aware of population problems and teaches methods for its proper management. It also brings about changes in their behaviours. By doing so, it makes the people more responsible towards solving population-related problems. Thus, there is an improvement in the quality of their lives.
The rapid growth of population affects every aspect of daily life of the people. For example, it affects natural calamities, causes unemployment, increases deforestation, causes violations of rules and regulations. People
are attracted to urban areas where better facilities and opportunities are available. This has increased population in urban areas, to the levels which are becoming difficult to manage. On the other hand, the population in the rural areas has started falling that results in the underutilization of available resources. If this situation continues for a long period of time, the nation will have to face a lot of troubles. Population education can play a major role in reversing this trend.
Nepalese society still prefers son than a daughter. If they don't get a son, they continue to increase their family size to get more sons and stay in large families. In addition, early marriage still continues to occur in Nepal. All these factors are increasing population rapidly. This is called rapid population growth. Population education can help in identifying the root causes of rapid population growth. Population education teaches people about the importance and values of a small family to make a family life happy, peaceful and prosperous.
Population Education was coined by professor S. R. Wayland of Columbia University, USAin 1935. That is why he is regarded as the father of population education. The United Nations Seminar on Population in Asia and the Far East, held in Bandung, Indonesia, in 1955, focused attention on increasing population trends within the region covered by the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE). The seminar realized that the current rising population growth rates largely negated or probably even retarded the effects of the national socio-economic situation.
The United Nations International Conference on Population was held in Cairo, Egypt from 5–13 September 1994. The conferences were significant for disseminating information about the adverse effects of rapid population growth and run the campaign to find solutions through collective efforts. Likewise, the International Conference on Population was also held in Bucharest, Romania in 1974 and in Mexico City, Mexico in 1984.
The population education program was initiated in 2037 in Nepal. The population education was included in school and university curriculum in the same year. National Population Commission was established in 2038 B.S. in Nepal. Likewise, the Ministry of Population and Environment was established in Nepal in 2052 B.S.
The goal of population education is to provide young people and adults with an awareness of the interrelationships between population and development, especially the socio-economic aspects which fall under the 'quality of life', such as the environment, resources, health, education, employment and other social services, as well as traditional beliefs and practices.
Population Education has a very wide scope. It may change according to the needs and context of a particular country. Major scopes or areas of population education can be mentioned as given below:
The total number of people living in a particular place, at a particular time is known as population.
Population Education was coined by professor S.R. Wayland of Columbia University, USA in 1935. That is why he is regarded as the father of population education. The population education focuses on population and its management.
Popoulation education is a continuous and dynamic process. Some of the significances of population education are listed below:
Population Education is an educational process which focuses on population and its management. It gives knowledge about the population situation, makes people aware of population problems and teaches methods for its proper management. In this way, population education is useful in controlling population.
Population Education was initiated in 2037 B.S. in Nepal.
Population Education suggests government to plan for better future. It helps to formulate policies and programs which help for solutions. It helps to maintain the quality of life. It provides knowledge about the sanitation of population, problems faced by population and needs of them.
The Ministry of Population and Environment was established in 2052 B.s.
Population study as a discipline is known as demography. Demography is the science of populations.
Population change is the difference between the size of the population to the end and the beginning of a period. Population keeps changing in course of time. Birth, death, and migration are the determinates of population change.
Population Education was coined by Professor S.R. Wayland of Columbia University, USA in 1935.
The International Conference on Population in Bucharest, Romania was held in 1974.
Birth is the most important parameter deciding population growth, as it indicates how many new children are added every year to existing population.
National Population Commission was established in 2038 B.S. in Nepal.
The word _________usually denotes all the inhabitants of a specified geographical area at a given time.
Population study as a discipline is known as __________.
Population Education programs was initiated in______in Nepal.
__________are the major areas of Population Education.
________________deals with all these socio-economic factors such as culture, norms and values, biological aspects etc.
____________is a major issue of the modern world.
National Population Commission was established in Nepal in______B.S.
Ministry of Population and Environment was established in Nepal in______B.S.