The Hwang-Ho Civilization is one of the important civilizations of the world. It was developed about 3600
to 1600 years ago in Hwang-Ho river valley in China. It is the famous river of China known as Yellow river. The valley was made up of plain fertile soil and held enough moisture for growing crops and for human settlement. Finding it suitable for farming, the Chinese settled there and founded Hwang-Ho Valley civilization.
There was a monarchical system in China during the ancient times. Although the Chinese people had a developed society, they didn’t keep any written records until the Shang dynasty of the 16th century. So, it was said that Shang dynasty is the first civilization between 3000 to 3700 years ago. Art and culture were developed during the Shang period. The people used to choose their strong king, who can protect them during hard times. Slowly, the tradition of
selecting kings ended because the kings started to appoint their own son and relatives as the next kings. So, the monarchy became hereditary.
In the 11th century, the Zhou (Chous) dynasty came to displace the Shang dynasty which started the feudal tradition. The Zhou used metal tools and weapons to build roads, expand irrigation canals to improve communication and commerce. This was also the classical age of Chinese Philosophy, with Confucianism, Daoism (Taoism), and Legalism all emerging during the Zhou dynasty. Nobles and the businessmen used to receive respect and privileges in this stage.
The king of Chin (Qin) seized control of China in 221 B.C. China got its present name from this dynasty. He extended the territory and made China a strong kingdom. He built the famous ‘Great Wall of China’ in his period. It is the only manmade object visible from the moon. It is 8.5 meters high, 5.7 meters wide and 6000 meters long.
The economy of the Hwang-Ho valley civilization had a good progress during the rule of Shang dynasty. They were good artists and they knew how to make metal tools and weapons. Agriculture and husbandry were the main occupations of the people. They cultivated maize, millet, paddy etc and they reared animals like sheep, cock, dog, horse, elephant, pig etc. They developed advanced armors, agricultural tools, philosophy, moral education, law, religion etc. Beside these, they were the first people in the world to use the first modern form of paper and first to compile the dictionary in the world.
The modern Chinese is highly influenced by Lord Buddha and his eight fold paths. They used to worship the nature and their ancestors believed in supernatural powers that they can talk to gods and receive helps in need.
Three main rivers of China are as follows:
Largest towns situated on the banks of Hwang Ho river:
Other modern town situated on the bank of Hwang Ho river:
In the 11th century, the Zhou (Chous) dynasty came to displace the Shang dynasty which started the feudal tradition. The Zhou used metal tools and weapons to build roads, expand irrigation canals to improve communication and commerce. This was also the classical age of Chinese Philosophy, with Confucianism, Daoism (Taoism), and Legalism all emerging during the Zhou dynasty. Nobles and the businessmen used to receive respect and privileges in this period.
The process by which a society or place reaches an advanced stage of social development and organization is called civilization.
Yangtze, Huang-He and Heilung Chiang are the main rivers of china.
Lanchaow, Paoshow, Changchow and Chinan are the large towns that are situated on the banks of Hwang-Ho river.
Jianshe, Zhingda and Huangheyan are the modern towns situated on the banks of Hwang-Ho river.
Yellow river is known as Huang-Ho river.
The other name of the Hwang Ho river is the _____.
When was the Zhou dynasty displaced?
The king of Chin seized control of China in ______ .
From which dynasty China got its present name?