Notes, Exercises, Videos, Tests and Things to Remember on Art and Culture of Medieval Nepal
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The art of Nepal, with a few exceptions, is based on the religious themes taken from Buddhism and Hinduism. Art and architecture in the Medieval period were advanced and much developed than the Lichchhavi period. Nepalese art is full of the knowledge of religions, nature, and idiosyncrasies. The Malla reign speaks the high skill of Nepalese artists. The works of art of the early Malla period discovered are mainly of stone or metal depicting numerous deities of both religions. The figures of the period take on a far more
elegant form and the ornamentation. Dakshinkali of Pharphing, the Chariot of the Sun-God of Banepa, Ugrachandi and Bhairav of Bhaktapur, Bhagwati of Palanchowk, Saraswati of Handigaon, etc are some of the excellent and finest patterns of images made during the Malla period. Besides these, water spots, beautiful wood carvings, images of god and goddesses are found in the Kathmandu valley.
During the Malla rule, the metal works were developed in its apex. The metal statues of the kings and queenswere erected at different places of Nepal. There was a popular practice of drawing and painting the pictures of gods and goddesses on the walls of temples and houses. The artists were pioneers in making figures and images on copper, brass, gold and silver. Some of the famous metal works of the Medieval period are the golden gate of the temple of Taleju and the golden gate of 55 window palace.
The greatest achievements of the late Malla period lie in the field of architecture. Most of the temples were built in pagoda style and designed on the basis of the religious themes. The Medieval sculpture was more complex in form and modern than the ancient period. At times, Nepalese style had a tremendous influence on the art of China and Tibet, as both countries imported art and artists from Nepal to adorn their temples and monasteries. The Krishna Temple of Patan, Nyatapol, 55 window palace of Bhaktapur, Pashupatinath, Swyambhunath, Bauddhanath etc. are some examples of achievements of the Medieval period.
The Malla Kings were religious and they followed both Hinduism and Buddhism. There were several Buddhist
strings built along with different Hindu temples. The Buddhists used to visit temples while the Hindus used to pay charity to construct stupas, chaityas, and vihars. Generally, thepeople, as well as the kings, used to spend a large sum of money for the construction of monuments.
The condition of art in the Medieval period was advanced and much developed.
Dakshinkali of Pharping, the Chariot of the Sun-God of Banepa, Ugrachandi and Bhairav of Bhaktapur, Bhagwati of Palanchowk, Saraswati of Handigaon, etc are some of the excellent and finest patterns of images constructed in the Malla period.
The list of monuments and temples built during the Malla reign are as follows:
The art or practice of designing and constructing buildings is called architecture.
Taleju and the golden door of ______ window palace are mentionable during the Medieval period.
In which period, the stupas, chaityas and vihars were made?
During which period, the metal works were developed?