Notes, Exercises, Videos, Tests and Things to Remember on Political Condition of Medieval Nepal
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In the Medieval period, all the valleys and the districts had a single political unit. The Royal lineages and the noble families had struggles among them for the throne. Mithila and Tirhut were the main influencing states from the south which was under the domination of warriors allied to the Chalukya Dynasty from Karnataka in southern India. Later, they launched raids that ultimately provided ground for the donation of the states to Nepal. It is said that lieutenant was none other than Nanyadev. Similarly, Rudra Sen established the Sen Dynasty in Palpa. Mukunda Sen was a legendary king of Palpa. After the death of Mukunda Sen, the expanded kingdom of Palpa was divided among his sons as mentioned in the box below.
Nepal was divided into many small parts during the Medieval period. There were 22 states in the Karnali region. They were called as Baise Rajyas. Some of the very powerful states were Achham, Jajarkot, Jumla etc. Similarly, there were 24 states in the Gandaki region. They were called as Chaubise Rajyas. Some of the important states were Gorkha, Lamjung, Nuwakot etc. Kathmandu was a single political unit during the early period of Malla rule but after the end of the Yakshya Malla, it was divided into three states, namely Kantipur, Patan, and Bhadgaon. Similarly, there were Kiranti kingdoms in the east and Tirhut in the south. These states had a conflicting relationship with each other.
The kingdoms used to wage war against each other. There was always the war between the betrayals. The kings of the same dynasty used to fight against each other for the throne. There was jealousy among the kings. There was a strong sense of discord, especially in the Kathmandu valley. They used to set plot against each other. Kathmandu valley, the Khas kingdoms of the Karnali region and the Sen Kingdom weakened due to the struggles. The Medieval period of Nepal was full of conflicts and competitions.
Some kings and other strong people tried to settle down this kind of hatred and enmity. They tried to make an alliance with neighbouring countries for mutual co-operation and to maintain understanding among the kings.
The king was the head and ruler of the state. The administration was joint and shared by the brothers. In the case of an inefficient king, the ministers and nobles took the power of the king. Sometimes, there would be a struggle between the son and his father for the throne. The Pradhans of Patan had controlled over the heirs of the throne. They used to hold the power to the throne and crown. They were known as the King Makers. It was the feudal type of administration.
There were 22 states in the Karnali region called as Baise Rajyas.
There were 24 states in the Gandaki region called as Chaubise Rajyas.
Gorkha, Lamjung, Nuwakot etc were the important states during the Medieval period.
After the death of Yakshya Malla, the Kathmandu Valley was divided into 3 states, namely Kantipur, Patan and Bhadgaon.
After the death of Mukunda Sen, Lohag Sen was the king of Makwanpur.
After the death of Mukunda Sen, Bhrigi Sen was the king of Tanahun.
After the death of Mukunda Sen, Binayak Sen was the king of Butwal.
After the death of Mukunda Sen, Marinykya Sen was the king of Palpa.
The ______ was the chief ruler of the state.
How many states were there in the Karnali region in the Medieval period?
Mukenda Sen as a famous king of ______.
There was a single ______ unit in the Kathmandu valley.