Please scroll down to get to the study materials.
A disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material and economic or environmental losses that exceed the society’s ability to cope using its own resources. Common natural disasters include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, floods, landslides, wildfires etc. which bring changes in the world.
There are not only natural disasters which create or bring changes in the earth's surface. There are some other artificial human accidents which destroy or bring changes in the earth's surface. Some of them are airplane crash, ship crash, collapse of buildings, tunnels etc. which are all man made things.
Any disasters can interrupt essential services such as healthcare, electricity, water, sewage or garbage removal, transportation, and communication. Hence, precautions and preparations make us better to tackle the untold damage of disasters.
Management of a Disaster
Disaster management is the efforts and plans made to cover, prevent, prepare, relief and recovery before, during and after a disaster. Disasters are unpredictable and sudden, so it should be handled in a sensitive way. It is linked with the sustainable development, particularly in relation to people, children, and marginalized groups.
Besides natural disasters, there are manmade disasters too which also bring changes in the earth's surface. Disasters such as landslides, erosions, the collapse of a house etc. can be easily handled and controlled if we focus on afforestation. It is one of the best measures to control landslides, flood, erosion, climate change and so on. Awareness program is also another measure to control disasters. By giving priority on cleanliness and hygiene in the case of fatal apparatus such as explosive destructive weapons, cautions should be taken while using them.
In the context of Nepal, cholera and dysentery are common diseases, which are the results of disasters like earthquakes, landslides etc. Nepal is a vulnerable country in the context of the earthquake because massive earthquakes can hit anytime. So, we should follow the safety measures to be safe from these types of disasters.
Following measures should be taken by the victims of natural disasters:
The two kinds of disasters with examples are as follows:
Some examples of disasters are earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, landslides, soil erosions etc.
The possible relief measures of these disasters are as follows:
The two types of disasters are as follows:
Precaution and preparation should be done to control the damage of a disaster.
Cholera, dysentery etc. are the common diseases especially during the rainy season.
We can control landslide and soil erosion by conducting afforestation programs.
The two measures that can be applied in case of a disaster are as follows :
Disaster management is the efforts made before, during and after a____________________________.