Notes on Fundamental Rights | Grade 7 > Social Studies > Civic Sense | KULLABS.COM

Fundamental Rights

  • Note
  • Things to remember
  • Videos
  • Exercise
  • Quiz

Fundamental Rights

Fundamental Rights
Source:www.slideshare.net
Fundamental Rights

The term "Fundamental Rights" can be defined as the constitutionally guaranteed human rights. Fundamental rights are those guaranteed by the constitution which no one is authorized to take away from you. In terms of the senior citizens, the fundamental rights ensure that the state shall provide them special protection and take into account their issues of social security as stipulated in the law. Therefore, the fundamental rights are considered to be basic human rights. These rights are essential for the people.

Citizen has to perform certain duties towards the state. Therefore, the state also has certain responsibilities to create a conducive environment for its citizen to lead a happy and contented life.

The newly added fundamental rights are the right to live with dignity, the right to get food, the right to residence, the right to senior citizens, consumer rights, and right of crime victims, among others.

The worldwide declaration of human rights, passed by UNO in 1948 A.D. are listed below:

  1. Everyone has the right to life and security of person.
  2. Everyone has the right to follow the religion of one's choice.
  3. Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
  4. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement within the borders of each state.
  5. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
  6. Everyone has right to earn.
  7. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
  8. Everyone has the right to work, in favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
  9. Everyone has the right to freely participate in the cultural life of the community.

Some of the fundamental rights are as follows:

Right to live with dignity:
Each person shall have the right to live with dignity. No law shall be made for capital punishment. The right to live with dignity arises in debates on issues of capital punishment, war, abortion, and public health care.

Right to freedom:

Right to Freedom
Source:www.slideshare.net
Right to freedom

The constitution provided by law states that no person shall be deprived of her/his personal liberty. Every citizen shall have the freedoms: freedom of opinion and expression, freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms, freedom to form a political party. The citizen is also given freedom to form unions and associations, freedom to move and reside in any part of Nepal, and freedom to engage in any occupation or be engaged in employment, establish and operate.

Right to equality:

All citizens shall be equal before the law. No person shall be denied the equal protection of the law. There shall be no discrimination in the application of general laws on the grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, physical conditions, disability, health condition, matrimonial status, pregnancy, economic condition, language or geographical region, or ideology or any other such grounds. The constitution regards it illegal to discriminate among citizens on grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, physical condition, disability, health conditions, economic condition, language or geographical region, ideology and such other matters.

Rights against untouchability and discrimination:
No person shall be treated with any kind of untouchability or discrimination in any private or public place on grounds of caste, ethnicity, origin, community, occupation, or physical condition. No person belonging to a particular caste or ethnicity shall be prevented from buying an object or getting services or facilities in the process of production of such objects or in the distribution or delivery of services, or no such objects shall be sold to, or facilities or services distributed or delivered to persons belonging to a particular caste or ethnicity only.

Right to property:
Every citizen shall, subject to laws, have the right to acquire, enjoy own, sell, have professional gains, and otherwise utilize, or dispose of property.

Right to education, religion, and culture:
The constitution has also provided right to protect, promote and develop language, script, tradition, and culture of the people. The citizens also have right to get education without discrimination. The communities are free to run a school and provide education in their mother tongue up to primary level.

Right to social security:

Right to social security
Source:www.haikudeck.com
Right to social security

Economically poor, physically incapacitated and helpless person, helpless single women, persons with physical impairment, children, persons who cannot look after themselves and the citizens who belong to communities that are on the verge of extinction, shall have the right to social security as provided for by law.

Rights of consumers:
Each consumer shall have the right to quality foodstuffs and services according to the constitution of Nepal. A person who has suffered from sub-standard objects or services shall have the right to be compensated as provided for by law.

Rights of children:
Each child shall have the right to his/her identity with the family name, and birth registration. Every child shall have the right to education, health care nurturing, appropriate upbringing, sports, recreation and overall personality development from family and the state. Every child shall have the right to formative child development, and child participation.

Similarly, other fundamental rights include:

  • Rights to privacy
  • Rights regarding labour
  • Rights against torture
  • Rights against exile
  • Rights to social justice
  • Rights against preventive detention
  • Rights of women
  • Rights of Dalits
  • Right to health care
  • Rights regarding environment and health



  • Thirty-one issues have been proposed in fundamental rights.
  • The people of Nepal has the sovereign power and right to autonomy and self-rule by maintaining Nepal's independence, national unity, and freedom.
.

Very Short Questions

Fundamental rights are those guaranteed by the constitution which no one is authorized to take away from you. In terms of the senior citizens, the fundamental rights ensure that the state shall provide them special protection. The newly added fundamental rights are right to live with dignity, right to food, right to residence, right of senior citizens, consumer rights, and right of crime victims, among others.

Rights mean those freedoms which are essential for personal well-being as well as the well-being of the community. Fundamental rights are guaranteed by the constitution as these basic rights are needed by every citizen for the development of the citizens. In the absence of fundamental rights, human life has little or no possibility of peaceful existence. Therefore, fundamental rights are important for human beings. People need fundamental rights to lead happy and contented life.

The constitution regards it illegal to discriminate among citizens on grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, physical condition, disability, health conditions, economic condition, language or geographical region, ideology and such other matters.

 

Every citizen shall have the freedoms; freedom of opinion and expression, freedom to assemble peacefully, freedom to form a political party. The citizens are also given freedom to form unions and associations, freedom to move and reside in any part of Nepal; and freedom to engage in any occupation or be engaged in employment, establish and operate.

Some of the fundamental rights are as follows:

  • Rights to privacy
  • Rights regarding labour
  • Rights against torture
  • Rights against exile
  • Rights to social justice
  • Rights against preventive detention
  • Rights of women
  • Rights of Dalits
  • Right to health care
  • Rights regarding environment and health

The two important fundamental rights are:

  • Right to equality
  • Right to freedom

 

 

The fundamental right of children are as follows:

  • Rights to privacy
  • Rights against torture
  • Rights regarding environments and health
  • Rights against exile
  • Rights of women
  • Rights against preventive detention

The worldwide declaration of human rights, passed by UNO in 1948 A.D are listed below:

Everyone has the right to live and security of person.

Everyone has the right to follow a religion of one's choice.

0%
  • Fundamental rights are considered to be ____________ rights.

    physical
    basic human
    physiological
    mental
  • All people have rights to_________.

    earn
    crime
    die
    steal
  • Promotion and practice of discrimanation is____________.

    praised
    pardonable
    forgiveable
    unpardonable
  • ____________ are given freedom of movement and settlement.

    The right
    The government
    The citizens
    A state
  • Something that makes another thing likely to happen is_____________.

    conducive
    consitute
    population
    produtive
  • The safety of personal property is guaranteed by____________.

    the politican
    the government
    the consitution
    the rule
  • Every citizen have________ to protect his one's property.

    right
    intreset
    constitue
    law
  • Provision of basic rights falls under the responsibility of a________.

    animals
    state
    citizen
    population
  • The constitution has also provided right to religion and culture of_________.

    the people
    the government
    the leader
    the politician
  • The act of taking something from someone usually as a punishment is__________.

    censorship
    hazardous
    descent
    confiscate
  • The worldwide declaration of human rights was passed by UNO in_________.

    1987 AD
    1952 AD
    1965 AD
    1948 AD
  • You scored /11


    Take test again

ASK ANY QUESTION ON Fundamental Rights


You must login to reply

Forum Time Replies Report
Fundamental rights and duties

Fundamental rights and duties are two side of the same coin


You must login to reply