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State: Concept and Elements

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State: Concept and Elements

Nepal
Source:www.myrepublica.com
Nepal

Nepal is commonly divided into three physiographic areas; Mountain, Hill, and Terai. These ecological structures run east-west and are vertically intersected by Nepal's major, north to south flowing river systems. Nepal is separated from Bangladesh by the narrow Indian Siliguri, and from Bhutan by the Indian state of Sikkim. Kathmandu is the capital city of the country.

The state is a commodity of the people, occupying a definite territory, organized under the government which is supreme of all persons within the territory. To form a state, it is essential that people are organized under a government. It should also have a fair number of people living within the boundary. A state has its own government. The government in the state is free from any external controls. The people in a state are politically organized. In general, the state is a recognizable geographical area which is composed of people, definite territory, government, and sovereignty. Leaders of political parties have finally agreed to federate the country into six states. The decision was agreed by four major parties in the Special Committee on the Constituent Assembly’s Constitutional Committee. This certainly is a breakthrough in the constitution drafting process and the Prime Minister Sushil Koirala has asserted that the country would get new constitution soon after the agreement.

Districts under 6 States of Nepal

  • State 1: Taplejung, Panchthar, Ilam, Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Udaipur, Dhankuta, Terhathum, Sankhuwasabha, Solukhumbu, Bhojpur, Khotang and Okhaldhunga.
  • State 2: Saptari, Siraha, Dhanusha, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara and Parsa.
  • State 3: Makwanpur, Chitwan, Sindhuli, Ramechhap, Dolakha, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Kavre, Sindhupalchok, Rasuwa, Nuwakot and Dhading.
  • State 4: Gorkha, Lamjung, Kaski, Tanahun, Baglung, Manang, Mustang, Myagdi, Syanjga, Parbat and Nawalparasi (From Daunne to Susta).
  • State 5: Kapilvastu, Rupandehi, Nawalparasi (Western region), Palpa, Argakhanchi, Gulmi, Dang, Pyuthan, Salyan, Rukum, Rolpa, Banke and Bardiya.
  • State 6: Kailali, Kanchanpur, Doti, Achhan, Bajura, Dadeldhura, Bajhang, Baitadi, Darchula, Humla, Dolpa, Mugu, Kalikot, Jumla, Dailekh, Surkhet and Jajarkot.

A state is composed of four elements, they are:

  • Government
  • Population
  • Territory
  • Sovereignty

Government

Government
Source:www.nepalmountainnews.com Government

A Government is the group of people that governs a community or unit. It is the system by which a state or community is controlled. It is an agency through which state formulates its plans and policies. The government is the means by which state policy is enforced. The government is also needed to utilize natural resources, environmental protection, national defense, security, and foreign affairs. The government of any kind currently affects every human activities in many important ways.

Population

Population of Nepal
Source:cbs.gov.np
Population of Nepal

An organization of the population living in the same group or species of a particular geographical area constitute a state. The state is a human institution. So, a population is its primary element. There is no hard and fast rule about population. There is no definite number of people required to be a state. But it should be large enough to be self-sufficient. The permanent population of the state are called citizens. However, a large population can be a liability if the resources of the state are not adequate for its maintenance. One of the main problems faced by developing countries is over-population.

Territory

A definite and more or less permanent territory is also regarded as an essential element of the state. In modern times, the citizens are bound together by a residence on a common territory. Land, water, and airspace comprise the territory of a state. Any geographical area owned and controlled by the government of a state is called territory. It is a geographical area needed for the state to exercise their functions. It may be pointed out that the power and security of a state are not determined only by the size of its territory. Some other factors in this regard are geographical location, resources, and climate.

Sovereignty

Sovereignty
Source:twitter.com
Sovereignty

The word sovereignty is sometimes understood as 'independence'. It is also the quality of having supreme, independent authority over the territory. Sovereignty has two aspects internal and external. Internally viewed, the state has supreme power over all individuals and associations within its fixed area. It can compel obedience of its people to its laws and commands. Externally viewed, the state is free from the control of any foreign state or alien rule. In a democratic country, people are considered having sovereign power. In a monarchy, sovereignty rests in an institution and in a dictatorship, it is in the hand of a single person.



  • A state should have a fair number of people living within that definite boundary.
  • The population is the people, who make the state.
  • The territory is the political base of the state.
  • There can be no state without a fixed territory.
  • The government is the working agency of the state.
  • People need territory to live and organize themselves socially and politically.
.

Questions and Answers

Click on the questions below to reveal the answers

The territory of a state does not exactly require a definite number of people to be recognized as a state.

Government plays an important role, by which a state or community is controlled. It is an agency through which state formulates plans and policies. The government is also needed to utilize natural resources, environmental protection, National defense, security, and foreign affairs.

The word sovereignty is sometimes understood as 'independence'. It is also the quality of having supreme, independent authority over the territory. Sovereignty has two aspects; internal and external. Internally viewed, the state has supreme power over all individuals and associations within its fixed area. It can compel obedience of its people to its laws and commands. Externally viewed, the state is free from the control of any foreign state or alien rule.

The total number of people living together as a community constituting a state is known as population.

A dictatorship is a form of government or rule by a dictator or by a very strict and harsh government.

The four elements of state are:

  • Population
  • Territory
  • Government
  • Sovereignty

0%
  • ______________in state are politically organized.

    The leader
    The politician
    The government
    The people
  • A state has its own ____________.

    government
    land
    forest
    bank
  • A state has _________ elements.

    three
    four
    five
    two
  • A government in state is free from any____________.

    conflict
    rules
    external control
    internal control
  • Territory also comprises_______above the territory of a state.

    land
    agriculture
    forest
    water and airspace
  • Sovereignty is quality of having supreme________over a terrritory.

    laws
    dependent authority
    execute
    independent authority
  • The permanent population of the state are called__________.

    leader
    politician
    citizens
    government
  • Any geographical area owned and controlled by the government of state is_______.

    territory
    sovereignty
    government
    population
  • In a democratic country, people are considered having ________ power.

    unlimited
    useable
    sovereign
    limited
  • The territory of the state should be under____________government.

    applied
    effective
    organized
    uneffective
  • The executive body of the state is_________.

    population
    government
    territory
    sovereignty
  • ____________is one of the elements of the state.

    forestry
    pollution
    population
    land
  • A self-governing political entity is_________.

    a population
    a territory
    a state
    a government
  • The structure of the government is defined by__________.

    the constitution
    a state
    the government
    the politician
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