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District and Development

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District and Development

Map of Nepal
Fig: Map of Nepal

A district is a type of administrative division and it is managed by local government. A district consists of various smaller units such as Village Development Committees (VDC) and municipalities. Official documents like citizenship cards and passports are issued by the Chief District Office (CDO). Nepal is divided into 75 districts. Each district acts as an independent administrative unit. The election for the constitution is also constructed according to the population distribution within the district.

The development of our country, Nepal would be more effective and easy if we divide it into several small units. So, for administrative purpose, the country has been divided into 75 districts. The districts are divided into Village Development Committees (VDCs) so that the administrative works can be easily carried out. These 75 districts are put into five development regions, they are listed below:

  1. Eastern Development Region - 16
  2. Central Development Region - 19
  3. Western Development Region - 16
  4. Mid-Western Development Region - 15
  5. Far Western Development Region - 9

Nepal is divided into 75 districts and 5 Development Regions for the following purpose:

  • To manage the land and affairs of their people.
  • To distribute the workload of the central government.
  • To ensure the easy availability of the services.
  • To distribute the services provided by the government.
  • To reduce the delay in the provision and execution of the services.

All the districts have officers who are selected from the central agency to serve the public. The Chief District Officer (CDO) acts as a chief who is responsible for maintaining the rule of law and order in the entire district. S/he is responsible for the Development of the district.

Zones and Districts of Nepal

Nepal is divided into 14 zones and 75 districts, grouped into 5 development regions. Below is the list of 14 zones and related districts with their headquarters.

Bagmati Zone

Bhaktapur District

Dhading District (Dhading Bazaar)

Kathmandu District (Kathmandu)

Kavrepalanchok District (Dhulikhel)

Lalitpur District (Patan)

Nuwakot District (Bidur)

Rasuwa District (Dhunche)

Sindhupalchok District (Chautara)

Bheri Zone

Banke District (Nepalgunj)

Bardiya District ( Gulariya)

Dailekh District (Dullu)

Jajarkot District (Khalanga)

Surkhet District (Surkhet)

Dhawalagiri Zone

Baglung District (Baglung)

Mustang District (Jomsom)

Myagdi District (Beni)

Parbat District (Kusma)

Gandaki Zone

Gorkha District(Gorkha)

Kaski District (Pokhara)

Lamjung District (Bensi Sahar)

Manang District (Chame)

Syangja District (Syangja)

Tanahu District (Damauli)

Janakpur Zone

Dhanusa District (Janakpur)

Dholkha District (Charikot)

Mahottari District (Jaleswor)

Ramechhap District (Manthali)

Sarlahi District (Malangwa)

Sindhuli District (Sindhuli Gadhi)

Karnali Zone

Dolpa District (Dolpa)

Humla District (Simikot)

Jumla District (Jumla Khalanga)

Kalikot District (Kalikot)

Mugu District (Gamgadhi)

Koshi Zone

Bhojpur District (Bhojpur)

Dhankuta District (Dhankuta)

Morang District

Sankhuwasabha District (Khandbari)

Sunsari District (Inaruwa)

Terhathum District (Manglung)

Lumbini Zone

Arghakhanchi District (Sandhikharka)

Gulmi District (Tamghas)

Kapilbastu District (Taulihawa)

Nawalparasi District ( Parasi)

Palpa District ( Tansen)

Rupandehi District (Bhairahawa)

Mahakali Zone

Baitadi District (Baitadi)

Dadeldhura District (Dadeldhura)

Darchula District (Darchula)

Kanchanpur District (Mahendranagar)

Mechi Zone

Ilam District ( Ilam)

Jhapa District (Chandragadhi)

Panchthar District (Phidim)

Taplejung District (Taplejung)

Narayani Zone

Bara District (Kalaiya)

Chitwan District (Bharatpur)

Makwanpur District (Hetauda)

Parsa District (Birgunj)

Rautahat District ( Gaur)

Rapti Zone

Dang District (Ghorahi)

Pyuthan District (Pyuthan)

Rolpa District (Liwang)

Rukum District (Musikot)

Salyan District (Salyan Khalanga)

Sagarmatha Zone

Khotang District (Diktel)

Okhaldhunga District (Okhaldhunga)

Saptari District (Rajbiraj)

Siraha District (Siraha)

Solukhumbu District (Salleri)

Udayapur District (Gaighat)

Seti Zone

Achham District (Mangalsen)

Bajhang District (Chainpur)

Bajura District (Martadi)

Doti District (Dipayal)

Kailali District (Dhangadhi)

My District Dhankuta

Fig: Dhankuta

Dhankuta District lies in Koshi Zone. The district covers an area of 891Km² and has a population (2011) of 163,412. Dhankuta is a hill town and the headquarter of Koshi Zone and a major administrative region is in the Eastern region.
In Dhankuta, the majority of the population are involved in agriculture and cultivating the crops such as maize, rice, and millet. The important cash crops include fruits, cauliflower, cabbage, ginger, and in recent years, tea. A well-preserved forest Rani-Ban (Queen's Forest) spreads along a ridge line on the northwest side of the village, with well-developed mature stands of rhododendron and sal (pine) trees.
Dhankuta District has many schools, colleges, and hotels. It is also known as one of the tourist areas. Different ethnic communities are found in this district. Among them, Rai, Limbu, Yakha, Magar are major ones. Out of the total population of the district, it has an overall literacy rate of 76.3%. The male’s literacy rate is relatively higher than that of female literacy rate. The roads in the district are classified into two categories i.e. urban roads and rural roads. Within the district, landline telephonic system (Marts, PSTN), both GSM and CDMA mobile communication system are available.

  • A district is an administrative unit created as a decentralized part of the government.
  • Districts are further divided into several small Village Development  committees and municipalities.
  • There are 75 districts and 14 zones in Nepal.
  • Chief District Officer (CDO) acts as a chief of the district, who is responsible to maintain rule of the law.

Questions and Answers

Click on the questions below to reveal the answers

Nepal is divided into Seventy-five districts because of the following reasons:

  • To manage the land and affairs of their people.
  • To distribute the workload of the central government.
  • To ensure the easy availability of the services.
  • To distribute the services provided by the government.
  • To reduce the delay in the provision and execution of the services provided by the government.

CDO is the Chief District Officer of the district. Citizenship cards and passports are issued from him.

There are 16 districts in Eastern Development Region.

There are 19 districts in Central Development Region.

There are 16 districts in Western Development Region.

There are 15 districts  in Mid-Western development region.

There are 9 districts in Far-Western Development Region.

An act of moving some departments away from the main administrative area or to give more power to local departments is called decentralization.

  • How many district are there in Eastern Development Region?

  • How many district are there in Central Development Region?

  • There are_______districts in Western Development Region.

  • There are______districts in Mid-Western Development Region.

  • How many district are there in Far-Western Development Region?

  • What is the full form of CDO?

    Central Development Officer
    Central Domestic Officer
    Chief Domestic Officer
    Chief District Officer
  • Lalitpur lies in______zone.

  • Lalitpur covers an area of____.

  • The male population of Lalitpur district is_______.

  • The female population of Lalitpur district is_______.

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