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South America

Notes, Exercises, Videos, Tests and Things to Remember on South America

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South America is the fourth largest continent in the world with an area of 17,819,000 which is just 12% of the world's total area. It extends from 120N to 560S latitude and longitudes from 350W to 810W. Pacific Ocean lies to the west and Atlantic lies to the east. The Panama Isthmus lies to the north -west while the Caribbean Sea in the north.

The population of South America is about 300 million that counts 6% of the world's total.

List of South American Countries with their capital cities

Country Capital City
Brazil Brasilia
Argentina Buenos Aires
Chile Santiago
Paraguay Asuncion
Bolivia Lapaz
Colombia Bogota
Uruguay Montevideo
Ecuador Quito
Peru Lima
Venezuela Caracas
Suriname Paramaribo
Guyana Georgetown

Physical divisions

The Andes Mountain ranges: It stretches north to south along the western coast. Mt. Aconcagua (6960m) lies in this range.

Lowlands: They lie between the mountain ranges of the Andes and Eastern Highlands. They are three in number, namely the Orinoco Valley, Amazon Basin and the lowlands in Uruguay, Paraguay, Parana and Salvador.
The Eastern Highlands: They are made up of Guyana Highlands and Brazilian Highlands.
River: Amazon is the biggest river in South America. The Orinoco and the Magdalena are also some of the important highlands.

Climate and Natural Vegetation

The climate of this continent is affected by latitude, Andes Mountain range, wind and the seas and ocean currents.

The Amazon Basin has equatorial climate. There are high temperature and heavy rainfall throughout the year. Atacama desert is hot and dry. Andes are always covered with snow.

South America has different types of vegetation. There are dense and thick rain forests in the Amazon Valley. Desert consists of a cactus and thorny bushes. Llanos and Campos They are the grasslands found in South America.


The Red Indians are the original inhabitants of this region. People migrated to this place from East Asia. There are European people residing as well and they are more advanced than the original Red Indians. Christianity is the major religion. HDI is not satisfactory in most of the countries.

Comparison of Economic and social life of people living in South America and North America

North American people are highly educated and skilled whereas the people of South America are not as educated and innovative as those of North America. Human development index is high in North American countries rather than South American countries.

  • South America is the fourth largest continent in the world with an area of 17,819,000
  • The climate of South America is affected by latitude, Andes Mountain range, wind and the seas and ocean currents.
  • The Red Indians are the original inhabitants in this region.

Questions and Answers

Click on the questions below to reveal the answers

The amazing facts of South America continent are given below:

  1. The largest mountain chain in the world the Andes stretches nearly 7000 km from north to south of this continent.
  2. The highest lake of the world Lake Titicaca is located at the latitude of 2,812 m.
  3. The largest rainforest is that of the Amazon Basin in Brazil.
  4. The highest waterfall in the world is the 979 m high Angel Falls in Venezuela.
  5. The wildest, stormiest stretch of sea is Cape Horn at the southern tip of the continent.
  6. The biggest tortoise, 1.5 m long, live on the Galapagos Islands.

South America is the richest continent because:

  1. It has a large number of gold mines and other minerals by exporting which it derives a lot of income.
  2. It has good access to thesea and so water transportation (trade) is much easier.
  3. It lies in the Mediterranean region. Agriculture here is much more favorable in comparison to other continents.

  • Which is the fourth largest continent?

    South America
    North america
  • How many physical divisions are there in South America?





  • Which country is the largest producer of coffee in the world?

  • Which river is the biggest river in South America?





  • The total area of South America is ______.





  • By size, South America is at which rank?





  • What is the % of area covered by South America?

  • Where does Brazil lie?

    North America
    South America
  • Where does Amazon rain forest lie?

    North America
    South America
  • Where does Andes mountain range lie?

    South America
    North America
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which part of south amefixa is most ferile?

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Why it is called land of extreme?

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pampas ,llama

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