Notes on Nouns | Grade 8 > English > Nouns | KULLABS.COM

Nouns

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Nouns

Nouns are the names of people, places, animals, things, abstract nations and groups of each. Nouns are classified on the basis of the following categories;

  • Singular/ Plural
  • Countable / Uncountable
  • Gender
  • Concrete (proper/ common/ collective)/ abstract

For example

Proper Common Collective Material Abstract
Ram River Class Water Wisdom
Meera Mountain Team Oil Love
Kathmandu Book Army Sugar Death
Nepal Country Colony Salt Honesty
Janakpur Temple Family Gold Wealth
Bagmati Animal Bunch Silver Trust
Dolpa Bird Library Milk Freedom

Characteristics of noun

Categories Types Descriptions Example
Number

singular-

plural-

refers to one

refers to more than one

book, doll, bench, leaf

books, dolls, benches, leaves etc.

Counting

Countable-

Uncountable-

that can be counted

that can't be counted

bat, pen, cow, city

water, ice, sand, milk

Gender

masculine-

feminine-

common-

neuter-

refers to the male

refers to the female

refers to both male and female

refers to non-livingthings

boy, man, Ram, Binod

girl, woman, Sita, Anju

teacher, servant, student, doctor, etc

pen, bench, desk, river

Naming proper special names of people, places, things and animals Ravi, Mohan, Kathmandu, Tomy, Honda, Hero, etc.
  common common names for people, places, animals and things River, boy, girl, parrot, house, bird, animal,..
  collective refers to group of people, places, things and animals class, school, team, committee, army, audience,...
  abstract refers to ideas, feelings or qualities and they can't be seen or toched in the same way as concrete nouns such as chair, table, dog, etc. honesty, sacrifice, education, democracy, truth,....
       
       

 

Change singular into plural

Singular- Plural

1. Boy -Boys

2. Book- Books

3. Bench- Benches

4. River -Rivers

5. Girl -Girls

6. Doll -Dolls

7. Diary- Diaries

8. Leaf -Leaves

9. Tooth- Teeth

10. Person- People

11. Dog- Dogs

12. Student- Students

13. Teacher -Teachers

14. House -Houses

15. Tree -Trees

16. Bus -Buses

17. Car -Cars

18. Cat -Cats

19. City -Cities

20. Valley- Valleys

21. Army -Armies

22. Family- Families

23. Lady -Ladies

24. Story -Stories

25. Baby- Babies

26. Key -Keys

27. Essay- Essays

28. Duty -Duties

29. Toy -Toys

30. Play -Plays

 

Write 30/30 countable and uncountable nouns

 

Countable Uncountable
Bat Bats
Pen Ice
Cow Sand
Man Milk
Chairs Sugar
Caps Curd
Dogs Butter
River Meat
City Salt
Benches Honestly
Houses Feelings

Ball

Blood
Boy Twice
Girl Cloud
Cat Oxygen

Dolls

Air
Nests Carbondioxide

Students

Hydrogen
Days Helium
Tree Lithium
Money Berylium
Scale Boron
Month Cold
year

Happiness

Bus Coal
Car

Malaria

Shops

Mumps

Dress Gold
Pencil

Silve



Write 30 examples of gender

 

actor actress
king queen
husband wife
cock hen
dog bitch
grandfather grandmother
brother sister
author authoress
sir madam
boy girl
son-in-law daughter-in-law
wizard witch
step-father step- mother
step-son step-daughter
count countess
uncle aunt
stag hind
stallion mare
mr mrs
he she
emperor empress
governor matron
grandson granddaughter
he-wolf she-wolf
boar sow
buck doe
bull cow
bull-elephant cow-elephant
peacock peahen
turkey-cock turkey-hen

 

 

Confused Words

1. add- short for addition

ad- short for advertisement

2. by- near

bye- farewell

3. sight- vision

site- a location

4. die- to become dead

dye- colouring agent

5. flea- common insect

flee- to run away

6. four- number after three

fore- in front

7. hart- a stag

heart- blood pump

8. heat- to make well

hill- smaller than a mountain

heel- hind part of foot

9. hour- sixty minutes

our- possessed by us

10. knit- interlocking looks of yarn

nit- louse

11. know- to possess knowledge

no- negation

12. lessen- to reduce

lesson- a segment of learning

13. lightening- removing weight or darkness

lightning- static electricity from the sky

14. morning- parts of the day (AM)

mouring- remembering the dead

15. pail- bucket

pale- light coloured

16. peak- mountain top

peek- secret look

17. pole- big stick

poll- a voting

18. pray- worship god

prey- hunt

19. stair- a step

stare- look intently

20. stationary- writing paper

stationery- not moving

21. steal- take unlawfully

steel- iron alloy

22. toed- having toes

towed- pulled ahead

23. vain- to change

vane- extremely

24. vary- to change

very- extremely

25. wail- a cry

wale- welt; corduroy ridge

26. wavie- give up rights

wave- undulating

27. way- path or direction

weigh- to measure weight

28. pain- it hurts

pane- a single panel of glass

 

 



Number 

  • Singular 
  • Plural

Counting

  • Countable 
  • Uncountable 

Gender

  • masculine 
  • feminine 
  • common
  • neuter

Naming

  • proper
  • common
  • collective
  • abstract 
.

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