Common name: Fern
Young leaf shows circinate vernation covered with ramenta, homosporous sporangia aggregated into the serum. Gametophytic prothallus is independent, monoecious and artificially heart shaped.
Dryopteris is found in moist, shady, terrestrial habitat in north temperature, subtropical and tropical region. It is represented by 250 species.
The sporophytic plant body is dominant which is differentiated into root, stem, and leaf.
Adventitious root develops from the basal part of the rhizome. Root is branched having root hairs and root cap, absorption, and fixation.
Rhizome is underground, thick, fleshy, branched or unbranched. It is covered with ramenta.
Leaf is petiolate, exstipulate and pinnately compound. Young leaves show circinate vernation. There is the presence of pinnae on both sides of rachis. Pinnae further divide into the small segment known as pinnule.