Notes on Branches of Biology | Grade 11 > Biology > Introduction to Biology | KULLABS.COM

Branches of Biology

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Biology can be studied in many headings. However, it has two main branches.

  • Zoology- Study of animals
  • Botany- Study of plants

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Some major branches of biology

  • Taxonomy- Identification, classification, and nomenclature of living organisms.
  • Anatomy and physiology- The structure and function of different parts of the body.
  • Morphology- Study of external features, structure, and appearance of living organisms.
  • Embryology- Study of structure and development of an embryo.
  • Ecology- Study of the interrelationship between plants and animals with the environment.
  • Genetics- Study of hereditary characters and variation.
  • Evolution- Study of the origin of new species.

Some other branches of biology

  • Agronomy-Management of farm or agricultural field.
  • Apiculture- Beekeeping
  • Anthropology- Study of origin and development of mankind.
  • Biochemistry- Chemical reactions taking place in living organism.
  • Biophysics- Application of physics in living organism.
  • Biotechnology- Use of living organisms in different techniques.
  • Bryology- Study of bryophytes.
  • Cnidology- Study of coelenterates.
  • Cardiology- Study of heart.
  • Conchology- Study of the shell of molluscs.
  • Dermatology- Study of skin.
  • Dentistry- Process of taking care of teeth.
  • Dendrochronology- Determination of age of the tree by counting annular rings.
  • Entomology- Study of insects.
  • Ethology- Study of animal behaviour.
  • Exobiology- Study of life in other planets.
  • Forestry- Process of conserving forests.
  • Fishery- Rearing of fish.
  • Genetic engineering- Preparation of desirable genotypes in the lab.
  • Herpetology- Study of reptiles and amphibians.
  • Helminthology-Study of helmins.
  • Horticulture- Cultivation for flowers and fruits.
  • Haematology- Study of blood.
  • Histology- Study of tissue.
  • Ichthyology- Study of fish.
  • Karyology- Study of a nucleus.
  • Limnology- Study of fresh water and its inhabitants.
  • Mammalogy- Study of mammals.
  • Myology/Sarcology- Study of muscles.
  • Malacology- Study of molluscan.
  • Mycology- Study of fungi.
  • Microbiology- Study of microorganisms.
  • Nidology- Study of nests of birds.
  • Neurology- Study of nerve.
  • Nephrology- Study of the kidney.
  • Nursing- Taking care of the patient.
  • Osteology- Study of bones.
  • Oncology- Study of tumor or cancerous growth.
  • Olericulture- Cultivation of vegetables.
  • Ornithology- Study of birds.
  • Opthalmology- Study of eyes.
  • Parazoology-Study of sponges
  • Paleontology- Study of fossils.
  • Parasitology- Study of parasites.
  • Pomology- Study of flowers.
  • Pharmacology- Study of medicine.
  • Phycology- Study of algae.
  • Radiology- Study in which radiations are used for treatment and diagnosis of diseases.
  • Saurology- Study of lizard.
  • Sericulture- Rearing of a silkworm.
  • Serology- Study of serum.
  • Serpentology- Study of snakes.
  • Trichology- Study of hairs.
  • Veterinary- Study of animal diseases.
  • Virology- Study of a virus.



  • Taxonomy- Identification, classification and nomenclature of living organisms.
  • Dendrochronology- Determination of age of the tree by counting annular rings.
  • Entomology- Study of insects.
  • Embryology- Study of structure and development of an embryo.
  • Pharmacology- Study of medicine.
  • Phycology- Study of algae.
  • Radiology- Study in which radiations are used for treatment and diagnosis of diseases.
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