Notes on National parks, Wildlife reserves and Conservation area of Nepal | Grade 11 > Biology > Conservation of Wildlife resources | KULLABS.COM

National parks, Wildlife reserves and Conservation area of Nepal

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National parks

The rapid growth of population has increased pressure on nature. It has helped to increase the destruction of forests, soil erosion, and water pollution. Realizing the importance of natural heritage, the government has established some national parks and wildlife reserves for the conservation of wildlife and natural properties. A national park of a conserved area is a dwelling place for wild creatures. Such parks also conserve the soil and vegetation. The main objective of protecting a national park is to preserve the natural environment.

source: www.thousandwonders.net fig: Chitwan national park
source: www.thousandwonders.net
fig: Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National park

The Chitwan National Park was established in 2030 BS. This is the first national park of the country. It covers 932 sq.km area. It lies in the plain area of the mid-south region of the inner Terai. This national park touches or covers parts of Chitwan, parsa and makwanpur districts of Narayani zone of central development region. There are about 30 species of big animals, more than 400 kinds of birds about 100 species of fishes and reptiles. Similarly, gharial, crocodiles, alligators, pythons and insects are also found here. This park is a habitat for the species of deer like chital, ratua, and laguna.

Source: www.remotelands.com fig: Khaptad national park
Source: www.remotelands.com
fig: Bardia National Park

Bardia National Park

The Bardia national park was established in 2032 BS, which lies in Bardia district of mid-western development region. It covers some parts of the Karnali river. Various types of wild animals like tigers, leopards, antelopes, stages, spotted deer, laguna deer, barking deer, elephants etc. are found in this park. Different aquatic animals such as gharial, crocodiles, dolphin and many other species of fish are also found in this region.

Source: arjunsos.blogspot.com fig: Khaptad National Park
Source: arjunsos.blogspot.com
fig: Khaptad National Park

Khaptad National Park

The Khaptad national park was established in 2040 BS. It lies in Bajhang, Bajura, Doti and Achham districts of Seti zone. It has 225 sq.km area. In this national park, we find a leopard, wharsu, nigalo, musk deer, red monkeys, thar, ghoral, langur and many species of wild animals. Some holy places of Hindu religion like Tribeni, Khaptad daha, Sahastraling etc. are located here. Khaptad Baba had made this national park his dwelling place, which has also helped in conserving this park.

Source: www.worldvisiontours.com fig: Makalu-Barun National Park
Source: www.worldvisiontours.com
fig: Makalu-Barun National Park

Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation Area

The Makalu-Barun National Park has an area of 1500 sq.km and the Makalu Barun conservation area has an area of 830 sq.km. There are various kinds of flowers and plants in the conservation area. Hundreds of species of sungabha flowers and 48 species of wild roses and 25 species of flowering plants, out of total 30 species found in Nepal. This area is the habitat of some endangered wild animals like thar, snow leopard, black bears and ghoral. It is estimated that nearly 400 species of birds are found in this area.

Source: www.nepalvisitors.com fig: Rara National Park
Source: www.nepalvisitors.com
fig: Rara National Park

Rara National Park

The national park lies in Mugu and Jumla districts of Karnali zone of the Himalayan region. It was established in 2032 BS. It covers 106 sq.km area. The biggest Rara Lake also lies in this national park which is famous in Nepal. The Chuchemara peak lies in the south and the Run Kandha and Malika Kandha peaks in the north. Various kinds of wild animals like bears, musk deer, boars, thar, and ghoral are found in this national park.

Wildlife reserves

The wildlife reserves include the conservation and management of animals and their habitats. The total area for the wildlife reserve in Nepal is 979 sq.km. Wildlife reserve is a reserve area for the protection of wildlife.

source: www.nepalecotrekking.com fig: Parsa Wildlife Reserve
source: www.nepalecotrekking.com
fig: Parsa Wildlife Reserve

Parsa wildlife Reserve

This reserve was established in the year 2040 BS. It covers an area of 499 sq.km. area and touches the borders of Chitwan, makwanpur, parsa and bara districts of the Narayani zone in the central development region. The major animals found in this wildlife reserve are tigers, elephant, leopards, stags, and bears.

source: www.nepalmtlovers.com fig: Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
source: www.nepalmtlovers.com
fig: Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserves
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife reserve was established in 2032 BS. The area of this reserve is 175 sq.km. There are various types of plants like Sissam and Khayer in this reserve. This reserve is famous for different kinds of rare birds like different species of ducks, two kinds of lalsar and other species of cranes, flamingos, and storks. Similarly, aquatic animals such as crocodiles, alligators and various types of fishes are available here.
source: en.wikipedia.org fig: Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
source: en.wikipedia.org
fig: Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve


Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
The Shuklaphanta wildlife reserve is located in Kanchanpur district of Mahakali zone in far western development region. It covers 155 sq.km area. It was established in 2032 BS. This place is covered with the forest of sal, simal, khayer, sissam, catechu and is full of grassland. Wild boar, tiger, bear, leopard, wilder, swamp deer, stag, chital etc. are some of the wild animals found in this reserves. Many of the major species of crocodiles are found in the Rani Lake and other small lakes here.

source: www.beautynepaladventure.com fig: Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
source: www.beautynepaladventure.com
fig: Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
The Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is located in Rukum district of Rapti zone in the mid-western development region. It covers some parts of Baglung and Myagdi districts of Dhaulagiri zone in the western development region. It covers an area of 1325 sq.km. Hunters have issued the license for hunting animals like naul, jharal, thar, himali bhalu found in this region.

Conservation area

The famous conservation areas of Nepal are as follows:

source: thebluespace.com fig: Annapurna Conservation Area
source: thebluespace.com
fig: Annapurna Conservation Area

Annapurna Conservation Area

This area was established in 2043 BS. It has an area of 7629 sq.km. It is located in the northwest of Pokhara in the western development region. It ranges from about 1000 to 8000 meters altitude. It has 1226 species of plant, 101 species of mammals including snow leopard, musk deer, Tibetan wolf, 478 species of birds, 22 species of the amphibians and 9 species of rhododendron.

source: www.alltrekkersteam.com fig: Kanchanjunga National Park
source: www.alltrekkersteam.com
fig: Kanchanjunga National Park
Kanchanjunga Conservation Area

This conservation area was established in 2054 BS. This is situated in the north-east part of Nepal. It has an area of 1650 sq.km. This conservation area is the natural habitat of many endangered wild animal. Similarly, the various kinds of vegetations such as Himali larch, gobresalla, dhupisalla, gurans, etc. are found in this area. Among the 30 kinds of rhododendron (gurans), 24 are found here. In the same way, different kinds of wild animals like snow leopard, musk deer, himali black bears, wolfs, Nauru, ghoral etc. are inhabited in this area.

source: www.mountainsoftravelphotos.com fig: Manaslu Conservation Area
source: www.mountainsoftravelphotos.com
fig: Manaslu Conservation Area
Manaslu Conservation Area

This conservation area was established in 2055 BS. It is extended up to the northern part of Gorkha district. Its area is 1663 sq.km. The aim of this area is to protect flora and fauna of the mountain region. About 18.9% of the land is the land is covered with national parks and conservation area. Similarly, the concept of the buffer zone is also good attempt.

IUCN (The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources)

The world Conservation Union is an international non-governmental organization which was established in 1948 AD. In the beginning, it was named as the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). But now it is called the World Conservation Union with the short form of (IUCN). Its headquarters is in Gland in Switzerland. There are more than 913 members from 138 countries in the IUCN.



  • Chitwan National Park is the first National Park of Nepal which was established in 2030 B.S
  • IUCN stands for the International Union For the Conservation of Nature and Natural resources.
  • Shey Phoksundo National Park is the biggest national park of Nepal covering an area of 3555 km2.
  • There are 9 national parks in Nepal covering a total  area of  10288 km2.
  • Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is the only hunting reserve in the country, attracting Nepalese and foreign hunters with blue sheep and other game animals.
  • There is three conservation area in Nepal.
  • Shivapuri National Park is the only national park located in the capital city, Kathmandu of Nepal.

 

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