Notes on Wildlife Conservation | Grade 11 > Biology > Conservation of Wildlife resources | KULLABS.COM

Wildlife Conservation

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Conservation is the act of preserving, guarding, or protecting nature and natural resources for future generation. This conservation includes the conservation of their habitat, heredity, and ecosystem. It will increase their number and quality. A favourable environment is necessary for it.

Wildlife resources

Wildlife resources include all animals, which grow and propagate naturally without any sort of human interference. They remain in wild form without any sort of friendly association with man. The term "wildlife" refers to any living organisms in its natural habitat. Wildlife is very important so its resources should be conserved and handled to the future generation.

Wildlife conservation

Conservation of wildlife is mainly concerned with the preservation and protection of wildlife, both animals and plants in their natural habitats, enabling these forms to reproduce and give to fertile offspring without interference by man and his activities.

source: nepalvisitors.com fig: Deer in kanchanjunga wildlife conservation
source: nepalvisitors.com
fig: Deer in kanchanjunga wildlife conservation

Importance of Wildlife conservation

  • It maintains balance in ecology as each species plays an important role in balancing the population, maintaining the food chain and natural cycles on the earth.
  • Various flora and fauna are important for the medicinal purpose.
  • Wildlife provides valuable information to the naturalists and biologists in understanding the environment, biology, and behaviour.
  • The rich diversity of today is the result of natural evolution that has taken 3.5 billion years on earth.
  • It increases the economic value of the country.
  • Wildlife has a great value as a gene bank of nature.

Categorize of Wildlife status

IUCN has listed following threatened species categories;

  • Extinct species
  • Endangered species
  • Vulnerable species
  • Rare species
  • Threatened species
  • Intermediate

List of endangered wildlife of Nepal

There are 27 species of mammals, 9 species of birds and 3 species of reptiles which are given legal protection under 1973 National parks and Wildlife act.

List of endangered Mammals in Nepal;

source: en.wikipedia.org fig: Endangered (Bengal tiger)
source: en.wikipedia.org
fig: Endangered (Bengal tiger)

S.N. Common name Nepali Name Scientific Name
1 Red Panda Habre Ailurus fill gens
2 Snow Leopard Hiu Chituwa Panthera uuncia
3 Bengal Tiger Bhagh Panthera tigris
4 One-horned Rhinoceros Gaida Rhinoceros unicornis
5 Himalayan Musk Deer Kasturi Mriga Moschus chrysogaster
6 Dolphin Sons Plantanista gangetica
7 Swamp Deer Barahsigae Cervus duvauceli
8 Asiatic Elephant Jangali Hatti Elephus maximus
9 Four homed Antelope Chauka Tetracerus quadricornis
10 Black Buck Krishna Shar Antilope cervicapa
11 Indian Pangolin Salak Manis crassicaudata
12 Chinese Pangolin Salak Manis pentadactyla
13 Assamese Monkey Asami Rato Bandar Macaca assamensis
14 Grey Wolf Bwaso Canis lupus
15 Brown Bear Himali Rato Bhallu Ursus arctos
16 Spotted Linsang Lingsang Prionodon pardicolor
17 Striped Hyaena Hudar Hyaena hyaena
18 Leopard Cat Chari Bagh Prionailurus bengalensis
19 Clouded Leopard Bwaso Chituwa Pardofelis nebalosa
20 Lynx Lings Felis lynx
21 Gaur Bison Gauri Gai Bos gaurus
22 Wild Yalk Jangali Chauri Bos grunniens (B. mutus)
23 Wild Water Buffalo Arna Bubalus arnee (B. bubalis)
24 Tibetan Antelope Chiru Pantholops hodgsoni
25 Great Tibetan Sheep Nayan Ovis ammon
26 Hispid Hare Sespod Kharayo Caprolagus hispidus
27 Pigmy Hog Pudke Bandel Sus salvanins

List of endangered birds of Nepal;

S.N. Common name Nepali Name Scientific Name
1 Great Horabill Thulo Dhanesh Buceros bicornis
2 Impeyan Pheasant Danphe Lophophorus impejanus
3 Bengal Florican Khar Mugur Eupodotis bengalensis
4 Black Stork Kalo Stork Ciconia nigra
5 White Stork Seto Stork Ciconia ciconia
6 Crimson-honied Pheasant Munal Tragopan satyr a
7 Cheer Pheasant Chir Catreus wallichii
8 Lesser Florican Mujur Sypheotides indica
9 Saurus Crane Sars Grus antigone

List of endangered reptiles of Nepal;

S.N Common name Nepali name Scientific name
1 Gharial Ghadial Gohi Gavialis gangeticus
2 Golden Monitor lizard Sungohar Varanus flavescens
3 Asiatic Rock Python Ajingar Pythons molurus



  • Conservation is the act of preserving, guarding, or protecting nature and natural resources for future generation. 
  • Wildlife resources include all animals, which grow and propagate naturally without any sort of human interference.
  • The rich diversity of today is the result of natural evolution that has taken 3.5 billion years on earth.
  • There are 27 species of mammals, 9 species of birds and 3 species of reptiles which are given legal protection under 1973 National parks and Wildlife act.

 

 

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