Election is necessary to choose a representative by the people in the federal, state and local levels of the government. Election is a democratic process in which the eligible citizens (18 years of age) of a country choose a person or member or representative for national and local level. Nepal holds election forthe posts of President, Vice President, State Representatives, and Local Level Representatives. The election is conducted by the Election Commission.
Electoral Roll / Electoral Register
It is the name of list of the people who have the right to vote in the election. The Election Commission prepares it every year including the name of eligible voters who are above 18 years of age as started by the commission.
Voters ID Card
This is necessary for any voter to get teh right to vote. This contains the name, address, identification number and photo of the voter.
A piece of paper prepared by Election Commission containing names or symbols of candidates for an election is called Ballot paper.
A ballot box is a box made specially to keep the ballot paper after casting the vote.
A polling center is the designated area where people go to vote in the election. When setting the polling center, they pay attention over distance, easiness for voters, management of security and transportation, etc.
A polling centers might have the capacity of casting votes of 1200 people. If the number of voters is more than the capacity of polling centers, the sub polling centers are set up as required.
Qualifications of the Candidates
Certain age requirements must be fulfilled to be a candidate of any level of the government.
Federal Represenatative Qualifications:
According to the present constitution, there are three bodies of election and they are:
A. Election Commission:
This is the permanent body of election lies in the center, which consists of Chief Election Commissioner and other commissioners. It conducts all types of election fairly and impartially. During the election, it appoints the election officers in every election constituency.
After the declaration of the date of election, Election Commission appoints the election officers. The persons who are the government job holders can be appointed as the election officers.
C. Polling Officers:
They are appointed by the election officers and from among the civil servants or government employees during the election.
i. General election
ii. Local election
iv. Mid-term election
i. General election:
The election in which representatives for national level or the parliament are elected is known as general election. It is held after end of every 5 or 6 years.
ii. Local election:
The election where the representatives of local bodies like DDC, VDC, municipalities, etc. are elected is known as local election.
The process of deciding any important issue by the popular participation of citizens during voting is called referendum. In this process, the citizens have to choose one out of two options.
iv. Mid-term election:
The election which takes place before the end of the set tenure because of the dismissal of the members of legislative body is known as mid -term election.
v. By election:
The re-election that is conducted because of death or resignation of the legislative or local members is known as by election.
According to the existing law of Nepal, the four bases to disqualify the candidate in the election of constituent assembly are:
To conduct the constituent assembly election 2070 BS peacefully, fairly and impartially, the following sorts of arrangement were made:
The rules and regulations developed by the Election Commission for conducting election activities in free, fair and impartial ways are termed as Election code of conduct. They were applicable for political parties and their candidates, government of Nepal and its ministers, organizations and local administrative bodies owned by the government and the mass Medias.
Development of Election code of conduct and proper implementation is necessary for making the election process successful and let the public practice all the democratic norms and values fearlessly. The need of Election code of conduct is as follows:
They regulate the activities of the political parties and their candidates and others for systematic performances.
The election happens to be free and fair if the code of conduct is followed strictly
It controls different malpractices that influence the election process.
To ensure that every voter has no problem of taking part in election and not be influenced of crazy works of the political parties and their candidates.
In accordance with the election code of conduct, the following activities were not to be done by the political parties and their candidates.
The following terms and conditions should the people in the community who are eligible for adult franchise to the enlisted in the voter's list:
The following efforts have been made in Nepal to raise awareness towards election:
Yes, many ballot papers are invalid in Nepal as a result of improper stamps. The followings things should be done to control it.