Executive is an important organ of the government that is responsible for putting the laws and order into effects. It is also known as Council of Ministers or cabinet or government.
The government which has been formed with political consensus among parties temporarily in order to rule the country during transitional period until a new elected government is formed is known as interim government. Example: The government of Khil Raj Regmi was Interim Government as it was formed to conduct election of constituent assembly.
Government of Coalition:
The government which has been formed by simple majority or coalition of two or more than two political parties forming two third majorities in the parliament is called government of coalition. This type of government is formed when there is not majority of any parties in the government.
The government which has been formed including all political parties representing in the parliament with mutual understanding and political commitment to rule the country during transitional period is known as government of national consensus.
The above 3 types of government are mentioned in Part 5 of the Interim Constitution 2063. The Prime Minister, after being elected takes the oath of secrecy from the President and appoints other ministers, state ministers etc. to form his cabinet as well as Deputy Prime Minister if needed.
The person who wants to be the candidate of the Prime Minister must be a member of the parliament. He/She can be the Prime Minister if he/she gets support of two third majority of the members in the parliament through vote.
Functions of Executive
a. Administrative function:
The Executive carries out all the important appointments concerning the administration of the state. It prepares plans and policies of the country and controls the daily administration. It coordinates with different departments of the government.
b. Diplomatic function:
Nepal is a developing country. It is in the process of development. Foreign aids are helpful for the development of our country and for that diplomatic relations are to be strengthened. Executive plays a vital role in creation of mutual understanding between Nepal and other countries through various plans and programs.
c. Financial mobilization and management:
It is also an important function where the executive takes benefits from taxes and revenues and distributes it in all the important sectors. It mobilizes and manages the financial condition of the state. It puts the budget into force through scientific and systematic way covering all the nooks and corner of the state.
d. Army related functions:
Executive controls, mobilizes and manages the Nepalese Army to provide security to the state from being attacked by the internal and the external fractions. It protects the country from all possible foreign attacks and maintains law, order and peace within the country.
If I were given opportunity to interview Prime Minister about the present context of Nepal, the model of my questions would include the following questions:
If I were tourism minister, I would have made the following plans for the development of my country:
There is a retired section officer of Nepal Government in my community. He was appointed in the post of general worker and promoted to that post. He did all the works ordered by his officer and which were in his responsibility. When he became a section officer, many responsibilities engulfed him. He made every decision conscientiously. He used to allocate the works with sincerity. He recommended every civil servant to offer quick, efficient, transparent and honest service.
Executive is one of the important organs of the government which executes the law that have been passed by the parliament. Its main functions are:
Executive is an organ of government which implements the law into practice. Nepal has a collation government. It is made under the leadership of Maoist. However, it is not the national government. The ministers are selected only from the collation parties. The largest numbers of ministers are of Maoist, the second highest number of ministers is that of Nepal Communist Party (UML) followed by the Madhesi People's right forum. Rest of the ministers is occupied by other parties. NCP (UML) secures the second rank in the council of ministers i.e. the deputy Prime Minister ship is occupied by the party.
Yes, executive is the second important organ of government. During the recent years, for various reasons, the importance of the executive has increased tremendously. In other word of Prof. Barker, "if the growth of the legislative organ was the notable feature of the 18th century, it may be said that the growth of the executive was only to maintain the legal system and collect the tax from the people in country. It controlled, directed and governed the state according to constitution and other sub-ordinate law.
Modern democratic state refers to state of people's welfare. In addition to maintaining peace and good governance, the government of a state must be responsible in each sector of development. Executive, in the name of government, must provide people with food, shelter, clothes, education, health, employment and security.
The present interim constitution of Nepal, 2063 clearly mentions the 'Principle of Power balance between executive and legislative. These two organs of government function independently but with the principle of their check and balance are mentioned below:
According to the constitution the function of executive are as follows:
Who exercise the executive power in Nepal?