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The dance which is composed based on a particular religion usually using an established form and supposed not to be played on electric instruments. Classical music is generally considered to be serious and to have a lasting value.
|1. It is the dance which is performed with the help of music usually and established form which is believed not to be played on an electronic instrument.||1. It is the traditional dance which is performed in a particular area or country with the help of folk music and song.|
|2. It is based on the description of classical songs or music.||2. It is based on the folk culture of any caste and belong to particular tribes.|
|3. It requires particular types of steps for a particular dance.||3. Folk dance is completely free in style and body movements as per the wish of dancers.|
|4. It needs special costume according to nature and requirement of dance.||4. The costume of a particular community becomes costumes of folk dance of the community.|
Dhaan Naach is related to Rai and Limbu community of our country. This dance is performed by holding each other hands and forming a line or circle. Palum, the song on the occasion is sung and danced usually during harvest time of major crops.
Dandi Dance or Phagu Dance:
Phagu dance is related to the Tharus and other communities of central and eastern Nepal. In this dance, dancer strike their sticks and produce rhythmic music. They decorate themselves well that identify their culture and tribe. It is danced during Holi and other auspicious occasions.
Mid-western and mostly far-western Nepal is popular for deuda dance. It is danced in a circular manner by touching shoulders between adjacent dancers. Feet move back and forth with the song which is sung by the dancers.
This dance belongs to the kirants and is popular in the eastern hills. Phedangba/phe dangma or religious priests sing it in the desired tune during the dance.
This dance belongs to the terai community mostly. It is based on the theme of epics and holy scripts of the Purans. It is danced by symbolizing the themes.
It is related to the limbu community of eastern Nepal. It is danced to the tune of Chyabrung.
This dance is popular among the Rais of Dhankuta and other eastern hilly districts. It is a traditional dance on auspicious occasions.
This dance is popular on eastern hills. Men dress up in Maruni costumes and dance. Themes are humorous as well as religious.
Chandi Naach is performed by Rai or Kirant community. This dance is performed by holding each other's hands and forming a circle and dancing with the beat of the drum. It is danced during Udhauli and Ubhauli parvas. To provide a rhythmic step, Chandi songs like Sund, Dhol and Jhyamta are played.
This dance is related to Mithila traditional and is popular in the Janakpur region. This dance is displayed on religious and festival occasions.
This dance is popular in Baglung and neighboring districts. Characters display the acts of Hanuman, the devotee of lord Ram based on the Ramayana.
Measures to preserve or promote classical and folk dances:
i. Public awareness highlighting the importance of classical and folk dances.
ii. Classical and folk dances should be performed on every occasion of community and in every cultural program.
iii. Regional and National classical dance competition should be organized which helps to preserve and promote it.
iv. Different tribes should form communities to preserve and promote their classical dances.
Dance is a type of performing arts. It is moreover a matter of entertainment and even done for physical fitness. In our mythological stories, it has been described as a matter of entertainment. God and goddesses were in lust of its entertainment. It has nowadays developed more as an individual part of our study.
It is further divided into classical dance and folk dance. They are different in following ways:
Nepal is rich in art and culture. Dance and songs have our typical style. We practice both form of classical and folk dance. The four forms of classical and folk dances are given below:
|Classical dance||Folk dance|
|Manjushree dance||Dhan dance|
|Hanuman Charitra dance||Chandi dance|
|Lakhey dance||Maruni dance|
|Bajrayogini dance||Tamang Selo|
Recently, the Ministry of Culture had planned and further decided to organize folk dance competition nationally. As a coordinator of the programme, I would give my best efforts towards the successful organization of the programme.
Different countries participate in the 'International Folk Dance Competition' organized every year in Nepal. This has created mutual exchange of cultural traits among the participant countries. The government should carefully play its roles to make such programmes successful. Some of the roles of the government are depicted below:
After the discussion and study, we find out the following differences between classical and folk dances:
|Classical dance||Folk dance|
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Truly music, songs and dance all go together. Music should be played to sing. Similarly, song should be sung to dance. Such song should be accompanied by music. Dance can be performed only in music or song too. However the dance cannot be lively. Songs cannot be durable if they are not accompanied by music. On the other hand, music without using song is often better than music with song.
Hence, music and songs are necessary for the completion of dance. Similarly, music is required for the completion of song. Above all music sounds better if it is filled up by song and featured by dance. Therefore, music, song, and dance are interrelated. The absence of one paralyzes the other.
Dhan dance is the prominent dance of Rai and Limbu communities. It is performed during works in fields and while going fair. In Dhan dance, the youngsters dance by catching each other's hand. It is performed whole the day and night. The girls and boys exert influence to one another. Sometimes other community has to get married too. Besides Kirats, the young generation of Dhan dance was entirely performed in eastern parts of the country. Now, it is done in various parts of the country including the Kathmandu valley. Interestingly, the Kirat community living in other community also performs Dhan dance in various special occasions.