Notes on Methods of Conserving Environment | Grade 8 > Science > Environmental Degradation and its Conservation | KULLABS.COM

Methods of Conserving Environment

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Different types of environmental sources are used by people in their daily life to fulfil their survival needs. Various types of developmental works like industries, construction of roads, construction of buildings, irrigation project, etc are conducted in the country to get valuable services and facilities that we need. We should not destroy the environment while conducting the developmental activities.

Some of the efforts and programmes that are being implemented in the protection of environment are as follows: -

1. Forest Conservation

Forest plays the vital role for the environment conservation. The Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation has launched various programmes for the conservation of forest and environment. Community Forest Programme is one of the examples of conservation programmes that help to protect the land, water and other components of the environment. Afforestation must be done for the conservation of forest. Laws about forest protection and awareness generation help in the conservation programme.

2. Soil Conservation

Soil conservation is an important work of environmental conservation. Control of landslides, flood, soil erosion helps to protect the land. Afforestation, tree plantation, protection of pasture land help to conserve the soil. Terrace farming on slope land, use of compost fertilizer and minimizing the use of chemicals also helps to protect the soil. Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Agriculture, etc. are conducting various programmes to protect the soil.

3. Waste Management

House, market area, industry, settlement area, etc. are the sources of solid wastes. Proper management of solid wastes helps to keep the surrounding healthy. Local level authorities like municipalities, VDC, etc. have been conducting various programmes for the management of solid wastes. Construction of toilets in every house and management of enough public toilet also help to keep the environment healthy.

4. Public Awareness

People should be aware of the consequences of their activities. There are various means to aware people by conducting rally and drama. Media should also play the active role to aware the people.

5. Pollution Control

Industries and vehicles emit the smoke, dust and harmful gases that pollute the environment. Chemical fertilizer and chemical poisons like insecticides, herbicides, pesticides, etc. also pollute the environment. Pollution must be controlled to keep the environment healthy. The government of Nepal is making an effort to control the pollution.

6. Conservation of Heritage

Temple, gumba, chaityas, Dharamshala, parties and pauwas are our cultural heritage. They are our identity. They must be preserved for future generation. We must keep the areas of cultural heritage free from pollution.



  • The Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation has launched various programmes for the conservation of forest and environment.
  • Reforestation, tree plantation, protection of pasture land help to conserve the soil.
  • Proper management of solid wastes helps to keep the surrounding healthy. Local level authorities like municipalities, VDC, etc.
  • People should be aware of the consequences of their activities.
  • House, market area, industry, settlement area, etc. are the sources of solid wastes. Proper management of solid wastes helps to keep the surrounding healthy.
  • Industries and vehicles emit the smoke, dust and harmful gases that pollute the environment.
  • Temple, gumba, chaityas, Dharamshala, parties and pauwas are our cultural heritage.
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Very Short Questions

The existence of the natural environment without any negative impacts on them is called environmental balance. The control of rapid growth of the population helps to sustain environmental balance.

The basic measures of environmental conservation are given below:

  1. Public awareness
  2. Tree plantation
  3. Conservation of forest
  4. Environmental sanitation
  5. Publicity campaign
  6. Maintenance and promotion of cultural heritage.

Maintenance and promotion of cultural heritage: It is a matter of great pride our country is rich in cultural heritage. It is essential to preserve and promote them. Various attempts have been made to conserve and promote these heritages at different times. They have also been the centre of people's religious faith and belief. But due to heavy flow of tourists, communications contacts and modernization, people's need and desires have incessantly increased. Therefore awareness and people's participation in promotion and maintenance of cultural heritage is necessary.

Public participation is very crucial. Unless the local people are made aware that they are the real owners of the natural resources, the effort made by a few conservationists along will not be adequate. As there is a low literacy in our country, the degree of conservation regulating the conservation in our society is very low. Thus, education should be made reachable to each and every individual. Education enables people to distinguish between favourabe and unfavourable activities to the environment. Both formal and informal education processes related to environment conservation should be done. Besides programmes like seminars, debates, workshops, trainings, public notices etc. should be conducted so as to arouse environmental awareness.

House, market area, industry, settlement area, etc. are the sources of solid wastes. Proper management of solid wastes helps to keep the surrounding healthy. Local level authorities like municipalities, VDC, etc. have been conducting various programmes for themanagement of solid wastes. Construction of toilets in every house and management of enough public toilet also helps to keep the environment healthy.

Soil conservation is an important work of environmental conservation. Control of landslides, flood, soil erosion helps to protect the land. Reforestation, tree plantation, protection of pasture land help to conserve the soil. Terrace farming on a slope land, use of compost fertilizer and minimizing the use of chemicals also helps to protect the soil. Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Agriculture, etc. are conducting various programmes to protect the soil.

Industries and vehicles emit the smoke, dust and harmful gases that pollute the environment. Chemical fertilizer and chemical poisons like insecticides, herbicides, pesticides, etc. also pollute the environment. Pollution must be controlled to keep the environment healthy. The government of Nepal is making effort to control the pollution.

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  • Which of the following doesnot conduct programme to protect the soil?

    Ministry of Agriculture
    Ministry of education
    Soil Conservation
    Ministry of Forest
  • How many the types of wastes are there: according to degradation?

    6


    3


    2


    4


  • Which of the following does not cause land pollution?

    Pesticides
    Herbicides
    Organic fertilizer
    Insecticides
  • Which one of the following is not national heritage of Nepal?

    Boudha
    Pashupatinath Temple
    Swambhunath Temple
    Taj Mahal
  • ______ the use of chemicals also helps to protect the soil.

    Discarding
    Maximizing
    Increasing
    Minimizing
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