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HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the computer programming language that defines the content, layout, links and graphics that when converted by a web browser creates the web page that we see on our screen.
Different tags with their attributes are used to develop HTML documents or web pages. HTML tags are the keywords or commands used in HTML. They are enclosed by angle brackets like < HTML >. The tags tell the browser how to display the document on the web pages. There are two types of HTML tags. They are:
The HTML tags can also have attributes. Attributes provide additional information to describe the content of tags. The attributes are always in the start tag of the element. Each attribute has some value. A value of an attribute is assigned by the equal sign. The values are generally enclosed in the double quotes. Common attributes are color, height, width etc.
HTML is a tag-based scripting language. The skeleton is its basic structure. Without it, HTML document cannot be constructed. The minimum requirement for HTML designing and its position in the document can be discussed here. The < HTML>and < /HTML> tags are the backbone or main point on which other tags are located. All the elements of HTML is written within < HTML >. The structure of HTML is as follows:
< HTML >
< HEAD > ... < /HEAD >
< TITLE> ... : written within < HEAD> tags.
< BODY>.... < /BODY >
< /HTML >
The < HTML > is the main body of HTML documents in which applet, multimedia, link and several other elements are placed. We can say that the HTML document has document has following two important sections:
An Html file is a plain text file with either .htm or .html as the file extension. The three letter extension (.htm) call back to the time when computers would only allow up to three letters in the file extension. You can either use .htm or .html in file extensions.
You can create the HTML documents either by using the plain text editors software like Notepad, WordPad or by using web designing software like Microsoft Frontpage.
The steps to create HTML document using text editor Notepad:
A tag is coded HTML command that indicates how part of web page should be displayed. All HTML tags are contained with angle brackets (<>) e.g <Head> <Body>, etc.
There are two types of tags:
The container tags are pair tags i.e. they required a starting tag as well as and ending tag. They affect the text appearing between their starting and ending tag. E.g.
<B> .............. </B>
<Title> ..............</Title>, etc.
The empty just required a starting tag and no ending tag. They just carry out the job assigned to them. E.g. <br>, <Hr>, <img>, etc.
Every HTML document should follow this general form:
<TITLE> Title of page written here
The HTML tags that define our page here are
Hyper Text Markup Language (html) is the computer programming language that defines the content, layout, links and graphics that when converted by a web browser creates the web page that we see on our screen.
________ provide additional information to describe the content of tags.
_______ tag has start and end tag.
< Br > is an example of :
< HEAD > is an example of:
________ are the keywords or commands used in HTML.
Which of the following is an example attributes ?