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Sustainable development means to take economic benefit which can help to raise the living standard of the present generation without affecting the need for future generation. It means to conserve resources without affecting its quantity and quality. The main aim of sustainable development is to balance among the population, various resources, various aspects of environment and development.
Some principles of sustainable development are as follows: -
1. Conservation of Ecosystem
The ultimate aim of sustainable development is to conserve the earth. It is to make the ecological system durable. Preservation of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem is necessary for the purpose.
2. Sustainable Development of Society
Sustainability of society depends on the availability of healthy residence, balanced diet, adequate health service, employment and quality education. If these elements are developed and become available to the people in society, it becomes a sustainable society. It assists in developing their positive attitude towards nature and living beings. The society is driven towards conserving the environment.
3. Conservation of Biodiversity
It is necessary to conserve all the living beings in the world. People should learn to conserve the natural resources in order to protect the living beings. Sustainable development focuses on it. National and international programs for the conservation of biodiversity should be conducted. There must be the coordination among the programmes.
4. Population Control
People maintain their life by utilizing the limited means and resources found on the earth. Due to population growth, human needs like food, clothing, housing etc. increases, the means and resources available in the world cannot be increased to meet the requirements. So, population control and management are essential for sustainable development. It will support the environmental balance.
5. Conservation of Human Resource
People can play the vital role in the utilization and conservation of the environment. The knowledge and skill on caring of the earth should be developed. Human resource is to be developed by providing education, health care and training. Human resource contributes to adopt the principles of sustainable development.
6. Increase in Peoples' Participation
Sustainable development cannot be maintained personally. A joint effort of every individual is indispensable. In order to translate the concept of sustainable development into action, public participation should be increased. Therefore, positive attitudes of public should be developed in every programme of sustainable development.
7. Conservation of Cultural heritage
Sustainable development has emphasized the conservation of social traditions, customs, religious places and cultural aspects of people. Diverse cultural heritage is the invaluable contribution of the society, but superstition should be avoided. To conserve the cultural heritage is our duty. Its conservation supports sustainable development.
8. Included within Carrying Capacity of Earth
Development work must be within the carrying capacity of the earth. People cannot get those entire things that they require from the earth immediately. The earth has limited resources. The limited means and resources on the earth cannot be enough for the unlimited means of people. Over-exploitation of the resources has negative effects on the environment.
Sustainable development means to take economic benefit what can help to raise living standard present generation without affecting the need of future generation. It means to conserve resources without affecting its quantity and quality.
Sustainable development is based on the principle of public participation.
Alternative energy development is a practical activity that falls under sustainable development.
Sustainable development is a development process that involves the wise use or responsible use of resources and that integrates necessary conservation efforts so that they can also be available for future generation. It can also be called long-lasting development. In the modern time, sustainable development is a common concern and a common goal. If resource are used indiscriminately, development is not sustainable. We use up many resources and thus, the development process is halted. For example, many of our industries can't run, if we use up our petroleum and metallic minerals whose amount is decreasing with their use. At the same time, unsustainable development is not environment friendly. It not only involves overuse of the resources, but also encourages environmental problem like pollution, climate change, natural disaster etc. Thus, we have to give priority to sustainable development while running our development works.
The principles of sustainable development are as follows:
Development included between carrying capacity of the earth means development activities carried out accouding to the capacity of the earth. Development work must be within the carrying capacity of the earth. People cannot get those entire things that they require from the earth immediately. The earth has limited resources. The limited means and resources on the earth cannot be enough for the unlimited means of people. Over-exploitation of the resources has negative effects on the environment.
Development work must be within the ______ of the earth.
______ means to take economic benefit what can help to raise living standard present generation without affecting the need for future generation.