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Note on Forest Products

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Forest products are the important natural resources. We get wood and medicinal herbs from the forest. Forest helps to maintain the underground water. Forest also protects from the natural calamities like soil erosion, landslide and flood

Timber Trees

All trees produce wood which is used as fuel. Usually, low-quality wood is used as fuel. The wastage of quality wood is also used for fuel. Wood from trees such as sal, sissoo, pine, deodar etc. is hard and is good quality wood which is used for making furniture and construction houses, bridges etc.It is known as timber.

Medicinal Plant

Medicinal and aromatic plants are the valuable forest resources of Nepal. In Nepal, The medicinal value of plants as neem, amia or tulsi have been known for thousands of years. In Nepal, there are about 800 types of medicinal herbs in Nepal but only 70 are used as medicine. Quinine, the medicine used for the treatment of malaria, is obtained from the bark of the cinchona plant which is found in the different ecological region due to diversity in climate and other ecological factors. Extracts of dhatura and poppy seeds as pain killer and sedatives. Neem leaves have antiseptic properties. They are used to make antiseptic soaps and medicines for the skin. The different parts of the plant like roots, stems, leaves, fruits and seeds are used for medicinal purposes to cure many diseases.

The plants found in hot climates are different from those found in the cold climate. In the hot and humid climate of Terai region, plants like Harro, Barro, Amala, Asuro. etc. Some medicinal plants at different altitudes are given below:

Medicinal Plants of tropical climate
S.N Common name Scientific name
1. Harro Terminalia chebula
2. Barro Terminalia belerica
3. Rajbriksha Cassia fistula
4. Amia Emblica officinalis
5. Asuro Adhatoda vasica
6. Pipala Piper longum


Medicinal Plants of temperate climate

In Mahabharat range, the climate is temperate. The plants found in this region are given below:

S.N Common name Scientific name
1. Chutro Berberis aristata
2. Kaalo dhaturo Datura metal
3. Chiraatia Swertia chitara
4. Bojho Acorus calamus
5. Sugandhawal Valeriana wallichii
6. Timur Zanthoxylum armatum
7. Beladonna Artropa belladonna
8. Tejpaat Cinnamomum tamala
9. Sarpaghandha Rauwolfia serpentina
10. Vyaakur Dioscorea deltodia wall


Medicinal Plants of alpine climate

The Himalayan Region is cold throughout the year. The following main plants are found in this regions:

S.N Common name English name Scientific name
1. Bikha Acontium palmatum
2. Paanchaunie Orchis latifolia incartana
3. Atis Atis root Acontinum heterophhllum
4. Padamchaal Rhubarb Rheum embody wall
5. Jataamasi Spikenard Nardostachys jatamasi


  • We get wood and medicinal herbs from forest.
  • Wood from trees such as sal, sissoo, pine, deodar etc. is hard and is good quality wood which is used for making furniture and construction houses, bridges etc.
  • Medicinal and aromatic plants are the valuable forest resources of Nepal. 
  • Extracts of dhatura and poppy seeds as pain killer and sedatives.
  • The different parts of the plant like roots, stems, leaves, fruits and seeds are used for medicinal purposes to cure many diseases.
.

Very Short Questions

Harro, barro, bojo, sarpagandha, jatamasi (spikenard), panchaunle, yachagumba are protected medicinal herbs.

Nepal is a small country but rich in biological diversity. It has 5400 vascular plants, including over 254 species of endemic plants and 700 species of medicinal plants. About 53.3% of the total land area of Nepal is covered by forest. Only 11% of the forest lies in Terai and Mountain and more than 50% of forest lies in Terai region. Many valuable tree species are growing in conservation areas, but scientific studies on their identification, validation, conservation and management are yet to be initiated. Forests provide 75% of the total energy consumed in the country (fuel wood) and more than 40% of fodder for livestock is extracted from forests.

Forest products are used in our daily lives. Forest offers watershed protection, timber and non-timber products, and various recreational options. They prevent soil erosion, help in maintaining the water cycle, and check global warming by using carbon dioxide in photosynthesis. When we cut the trees Its not just the trees but whole ecosystem falls apart. The forest provides oxygen which circulates in each and every living being. We cannot imagine our life without forest.

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  • ______ is medicinal plants.

    Sal


    Sugandhawal


    Pine


    Bamboo


  • In Nepal, mostly timber is used for ______.

    constructing bridges


    making furniture


    all of the answers are right


    constructing houses


  • Extract of dhatura and poppy seeds serve as ______.

    anesthesia


    pain killers


    reduce fever


    kill bacteria


  • There are about ______varieties of medicinal plants found in Nepal.

    700


    400


    300


    500


  • Which one of the following is not the ornamental plant?

    rose


    padamchaal


    sunflower


    marigold


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DISCUSSIONS ABOUT THIS NOTE

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disadvantages of neem leaves


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Niruta

What is timber tree?


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