Animals and birds are hunted and killed for food and trade. The loss of habitats due to the change of ecosystem and negative effect on natural environment are also factors affecting lives of birds and animals.
The following measures should be adopted to conserve rare animals and birds: -
The birds and animals can survive in their natural habitat. The natural ecosystem provides the habitats birds and animals. Ecosystem should be conserved for the conservation of rare birds and animals. The conservation of forest, pasture, water resources, etc. helps to conserve the ecosystem.
The study and research help to explore the present status of birds and animals. It helps to suggest the people about the condition and importance of birds and animals. The findings of the study and research are valuable for conservation of birds and animals, and guidelines for government for conservation work.
The development activities conducted by people like construction of road, industry, building, dam, etc. brings changes in the environment. The development activities produce waste products, sewage, harmful chemical, etc. Those productions have harmful effects on environment and that deplete the rare birds, animals and other living beings. Thus, the adverse should be controlled in the time of conducting development activities.
People hunt the animals for illegal trade. They take skin, bone, teeth, feather and other valuable parts of animals for illegal trade. Such activities deplete the birds and animals. Hunting of birds and animals should be completely banned and strict legal actions should be taken against the offender.
The conservation of birds and animals should be conserved in their own natural habitat and man-made habitat. The natural habitat is called in-situ and the external habitat made by people is called ex-situ. The in-situ and ex-situ can contribute for the conservation of rare birds and animals.
Conservation law supports to the implementation of conservation programmes. Legal measures for the conservation of rare birds, animals and other living beings should be conducted strictly. The other necessary rules and regulations should be formulated and implemented properly.
The conservation programme can be effective with the participation of local people only. It is essential for the people to participate in the conservation programme. The people should be made responsible for the conservation of birds, animals and other living beings.
The awareness programmes should be conducted at national and local level. It helps to give knowledge about the importance of birds and animals. The awareness generation helps in the conservation of birds, animals and other living beings.
The following are the main causes for the rareness of animals and plants:
a. Natural calamities
b. Excessive human encroachment
c. Development activities
d. Commercial motive
e. Scientific test
f. Destruction of habitat and food
The following are the methods for conserving them:
a. Conservation of ecosystem
b. Study and research
c. Control and development
d. Restriction on hunting
e. Development of in-situ and ex-situ conservation areas
f. Forest and wild life conservation law
g. People's participation on conservation
It is impossible to conserve all kinds of creatures in in-situ conservation site. The creature vanishes, if suitable natural environment is not given. Therefore, an alternative an artificial environment is created to conserve the creatures, which are very rare and likely to vanish. Ex-situ conservation is an artificial conservation necessary to increase the number of rate plants and animals through special care in a limited area. It is helpful for breeding new variety and they may be transferred to the natural environment for the protection of rare species of animals, birds, reptiles, insects etc. Similarly, Botanical Garden of Godawari has been helping to protect and promote valuable rare species of plants.