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Human Community behaves as its tradition, beliefs, modern technology, superstitions, etc. The social problems are these types of problems that are happen in the society. This hampers the society by putting a negative impact in the development process. This raises a question on the human civilization itself.
The social problems that are still persistent in Nepal are Daijo, Ghumto, Chhaupadi, Deuki, and Jhuma Prathas. Women and Children Trafficking and Human Organs Trafficking, Intouchability, Misdemeanor, Discrimination based on gender, disability, caste, etc. and corruption are also other social problems. Old traditions, superstitions, child marriage, women harassment, etc. also remain as social evils in Nepal.
Human trafficking is any buying and selling of humans with the motive of labor work, prostitution, or any illegal organ trafficking. This has been defines as per the Human trafficking and transportation control law of 2064. Trafficking is done by giving false pretences of employment or tourism. The most affected group is the people from low income background and simpleminded people. Specially trafficking is done for cheap labor, forced prostitution, forced labor, child labor, etc. Mostly women who have been subjected to discrimination, social pressure, abuse, etc. and children as well as people looking for foreign employment, people affected by child marriage, polygamy, rape, abuse, etc. are the main people who are subject for human trafficking.
In the past, trafficking was done for forced prostitution and labor. These days, children are also affected. With zero to none pay, women and children are used for home worker, sold to circus, forced in prostitution, begging, etc.
Sexual harassment, labor exploitation, etc. are the main reasons for women trafficking. Traffickers give tempting offers to women like foreign employment, delicious meals, new clothes, etc. to get them to come along. Due to the lack of consciousness, lack of parental care, family violence and extreme poverty, women are targeted for trafficking. In the past, Nepalese women were only trafficked to India, but these days traffickers have extended theor nets into Chine, Korea, Gulf countries, and South-Asian countries too.
Nepal Police, Women and Child Welfare Ministry, National Commission for Women, District Development Committee and Intelligence Bureau, etc. government bodies are working on the prevention of these trafficking. Apart from these, Maiti Nepal, Didi Bahini, etc. organizations are also working actively on that front with efforts to reduce the trafficking that occurs. A person needs to be conscious and well aware to prevent themselves from this social evil. Along with the society, the education sector and the media also need to have a positive role to stop this from ever happenning.
Women trafficking are illegal. To prevent sexual harassment and abuse, it is necessary to engage in legal proceedings. With various government and non-government organizations, we can control this evil. The increase in the level of consciousness towards the general public needs to increase. The authorities need to control this problem and punish the involved severely.
The sale and purchase of any child with or without their parental consent is a criminal offence. Taking children away from their family, putting them in danger, making them work in houses, hotels, taking out their organs, making them beg, etc. are illegal and should be discouraged. The society and parents, and other responsible people need to keep alert and be aware of the trafficking. Mostly children are trafficked from urban areas and terai regions. Poverty, parental negligence, trafficker’s activity, unrest at house, etc. are the reasons for children being swayed and trafficked.
Security has to be increased and made aware to stop children trafficking. This can be minimized by educating them, creating awareness among parents, getting security in industry and hotels, activism by governmental and non-governmental sectors, rescue and rehabilitation of children.
Human Organ Trafficking
In this day and age, some of the parts of the human body that does not work can be replaced. For such patients, the donor family member or other person helps to make human organ replacement possible. But since most of the family members or other donor people are prepared to take the risk, trafficking takes place there. The buying and selling is major illegal part of the trade, and it is estimated that about 42 percent of human organs replaced are illegally obtained.
Environmental pollution and modern eating habits has been credited to the increasing rate of kidney failure in people. Thus Nepal and India have seen an increase in kidney transplants. Along with this, Liver, Eye Cornea, Lungs, Hearts, etc. transplants have been increasing rapidly. Illiteracy, poverty, etc. have played a helping role in the illegal transplants as well. To prevent this, we have to increase awareness amongst the poor, increase health education, and teach how traffickers can steal organs so it can be prevented in the future. Also patient monitoring, risky behavior monitoring, etc. can be done to stop traffickers.
Mostly women who have been subjected to discrimination, social pressure, abuse, etc. and children as well as people looking for foreign employment, people affected by child marriage, polygamy, rape, abuse, etc. are the main people who are subject for human trafficking.