Biodiversity conservation is the conservation of all living beings. This conservation includes the conservation of their habitat, heredity and ecosystem. It will increase their number and quality. Favourable environment is necessary for it.
The needs of conservation of biodiversity are as follows: -
There are innumerable living beings on the earth. In Nepal, animals and birds of one geographical region are different from those in another. They are important wealth of nature. So, it is duty of people to protect them. Conservation of biodiversity is necessary to ensure their existence and improve their heredity. Conservation of biodiversity is essential for future generation.
Biodiversity is the source of products from agriculture animals and medicinal herbs. People get the things, which are necessary for the life. It is difficult to survive without these things. Therefore, it is necessary to make a rational use of biodiversity with its proper conservation.
Vegetation, animals, birds and other creatures have ornamented land topography. People do not have to spend money to build natural scene but they can utilize the natural gift by conserving it. It helps the development of tourism. Economic development of the country can be achieved by developing and making the proper management of biodiversity.
Activities like birth and death of living beings, their decomposition are going on in the natural way in the ecosystem. Animals and plants help in the operation of these activities. Human life, too, is associated with natural activities. If biodiversity is not conserved, there will be adverse effect on the natural process as well as living beings. On the contrary, the conservation of biodiversity contributed to the smooth operation of the natural process.
Biodiversity provides materials that are used for different purposes like food, clothes, industry, etc. These materials can be used for economic and social development.
Biodiversity is a wide area for study and research. Natural resources and organisms should be discovered and studied. The findings of research can be used for the welfare of human beings. Biodiversity conservation will help to develop the existence of living beings including man.
The conservation of bio-diversity means the conservation of whole biome. There must be conservation of their required shelter and their gene quality. We should conserve bio-diversity:
The natural resources are anything that can be obtained from the physical environment. The renewable resources can be produced more but non-renewable resources are very limited in number. If there is any deterioration in either aspect of the environment, the ecosystem will adversely be affected. The sustainable use of resources means to use them in conservation basis so that they will not deplete following tips help to conserve the resources and use them sustainable basis.
The five reasons which justify the need of biodiversity conservation are:
a. Biodiversity needs to be conserved for maintaining balance in the natural process of water cycle, temperature and climate regulation and growth of different types of animals and plants.
b. Biodiversity when preserved maintains the natural scene that can be use for scenery, tourism, recreation etc.
c. Innumerable research activities are possible on biodiversity. Such research activities are part of human life.
d. Conservation of biodiversity helps to maintain existence of living beings in nature. It also saves valuable resources for future generation.
e. Biodiversity is to be protected for breeding of improve varieties of agricultural crops and animals.