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Sustainable development means to take economic benefit what can help to raise living standard present generation without affecting need of future generation. It means to conserve resources without affecting its quantity and quality. The main aim of sustainable development is to balance among population, various resources, various aspects of environment and development.
Concept of Brunt-Land Commission
UN General Assembly formed a Commission on Environment and Development under the chairmanship of Norwegian Prime Minister Grow Harlem Brundtland to suggest the world on Environment and Development in 198According to this commission, “Sustainable development is a process in which exploitation of resources is done to meet the need of present generation without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their needs”.
Some principles of sustainable development are as follows: -
Sustainable development is necessary for the maintenance of the environment. The purpose of development work is people’s welfare. The target of development work is never achieved effectively if the adverse effects are ignored.
The importances of sustainable development are as follows: -
It is essential to apply the principles of sustainable development to different developmental activities. Development has various sectors such as agriculture, industry, energy, forest, fish-farming, transport, tourism and construction of infrastructures, etc. Principles of sustainable development should be applied while conducting these works.
Sustainable development is the development process carried out with the wise use or responsible use of the resources that integrates necessary conservation efforts so that they can also be saved for future generation.
Gro Harlem Brundtland, Prime minister of Norway who becomes the director general of WHO, produced the concept of sustainable development.
Sustainable development is based on the principle of public participation.
The concept of sustainable development was brought in 1963 with the publication of the Brundtland Commission Report.
The Brundtland Commission Report was published in 1987 AD.
Alternative energy development is a practical activity that falls under sustainable development.
Sustainable development is a development process that involves the wise use or responsible use of resources and that integrates necessary conservation efforts so that they can also be available for future generation. It can also be called long lasting development. In the modern time, sustainable development is a common concern and a common goal. If resource are used indiscriminately, development is not sustainable. We use up many resources and thus, development process is halted. For example, many of our industries can't run, if we use up our petroleum and metallic minerals whose amount is decreasing with their use. At the same time, unsustainable development is not environment friendly. It not only involves overuse of the resources, but also encourages environmental problem like pollution, climate change, natural disaster etc. Thus, we have to give priority to sustainable development while running our development works.
The principles of sustainable development are as follows: