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Failure of the government of B.P Koirala
The government of BP Koirala could only rule for 18 months. The reasons for the failure of the government are:
Blames imposed by the King before dissolving the government
The power was used to fulfill personal interest of the individuals keeping the nation and the people aside.
King Mahendra, who didn't like the multi-party democracy, took the opportunity on Poush 1, 2017 B.S. and made a speech broadcast on the radio announcing his takeover.
"Because of the misuse of the authority, corruption has increased, and there is anarchy in the nation so that national unity is threatened. Random economic decisions have caused instability. In order to protect national unity, create peace and cooperation and to save the whole country we are forced to act according to Article 55 of the constitution and will suspend the cabinet, both houses of parliament and the party system. We will take sole responsibility as laid down in article 55 until a new system is put in place. With good wishes and support from all Nepalese, good governance will prove to be possible."
This announcement hijacked the democracy the Nepali people fought for years through blood, sweat and sacrifice. This day is remembered as Black Day in Nepalese history. The ban on political parties was also put into effect. The king had arrested Prime Minister BP Koirala, the ministers, and other leaders and put them in prison 4 hours prior to the announcement. Curfew was put outside the royal palace every night then onwards. This royal act is called the coup of 2017 BS. On Poush 1, 2017 BS he announced partyless Panchayat system.
Social and Economic Achievements from 2007 B.S. to 2017 B.S.
Question: If you were a member of political party, what programs would you launch against King Mahendra's action?
The suspended clauses of articles by king Mahendra were are as follows:
The achievement of the king Mahendra are listed below:
On 1st Poush, 2017 B.S. king Mahendra dissolved the then government. He arrested B.P. Koirala and other ministers and imprisoned them. Further, he dissolved the Panchayat system and put ban on the political parties. The existing constitution was paralyzed. It was from this day onward that people had to struggle to restore democracy. Therefore, 1st Poush is regarded as the 'Black Day'.
If I were the member of the political parties, I would react on the prohibition of political parties in the following ways:
Panchayat ruling system was founded by king Mahendra on Poush 1, 2017 BS. It was very undemocratic step of the king because it dismissed the elected government of B.P. Koirala, suppressed people's rights and initiated party less panchayat system.
Because of the following points, Panchayat ruling system was against the people.
|1st Poush, 2017||Magh 19, 2061|
|(a) King Mahendra had banned on the political parties and initiated the Panchayat.||(a) King Gyanendra had only restricted the activities of political parties.|
|(b) The constitution if 2015 BS was entirely suspended.||(b) Only some articles were paralyzed in constitution of 2048 BS.|
|(c) Party less panchayat was begun.||(c) No any such system was introduced.|
|(d) Most of the political leaders were imprisoned.||(d) The major leaders were kept in home imprisonment.|
If I were asked to support Late King Mahendra's abduction of democracy on Poush 1 2017 BS, I would not have supported him. But I would have definitely requested him that it would be better for the long run of Shah Dynasty if you could be in throne being respected instead of seizing the power of people.