Lack of enough iodine in our body causes goiter.

Rickets is caused due to lack of vitamin-D, calcium and phosphorus in our body.

Lack of vitamin C causes scurvy.

Night blindness is caused due to the lack of vitamin A.

Anemia is the condition of health in which there are few red blood cells in our body, caused by lack of iron.

The use of vegetables and fruits that are rich in iron and folic acid is the main method of prevent anemia.

Marasmus is protein-energy malnutrition. This is caused in children due to acute shortage of essential carbohydrate and protein. Kwashiorkor is caused in children deposed from mother's milk due to acute shortage of protein.
Symptoms:
Marasmus

  1. Lean and thin body
  2. Loss of weight
  3. Lack of appetite
  4. Wrinkles on face
  5. Diarrhea
Kwashiorkor
  1. Heavy swelling body due to retention of water
  2. Physical retardation and underweight
Preventive measures:
  1. Raise awareness in birth spacing and child care
  2. Provide food rich in energy and protein
  3. Encourage breastfeeding