The natural vegetation are:
- The tropical evergreen forest
- Tropical monsoon forest
- Temperate woodlands
- Desert vegetation
- Steppe grasslands
- Coniferous forests
- Mediterranean vegetation
- Tundra vegetation
Northern Asia is very cold for most of the parts of the year. This region experiences short warm summer and long cold winter. High elevated parts of central Asia also experiences similar climatic characteristics except the long winter. The winter temperature of these places goes down from -30 to -50 degree C sometimes. The average temperature of January of the worlds coldest place Verkhoyansk is -21 degree C. These places receive less rain fall. Rainfall mainly takes place especially in summer snowfall in winter. Only coniferous tree can survive in such situation. Somewhere even these trees cannot survive. So these places have tundra and coniferous forest as per the height of these places.
As agriculture is the dominant occupation of Asian people, animal rearing is done as the supplementary to agriculture. Horse, sheep, camel, yak, pig, goat etc are reared here. Horse and goat are especially reared in steppe. Double humped camel and yak are reared in cold and dry region. Yak and sheep are commonly reared in the Himalaya region of our country Nepal. Single humped camels are reared in Arab dessert. Pigs are extensively reared in china. Japanese and Chinese people rear animals on commercial basis. Cows and buffalo are reared in Indian sub continent and south East Asia.
Fishing is one of the oldest occupations of mankind. Fish are vital source of food especially in the coastal country like Japan. Japan leads the world in fishing whose annual catch amounts to 14.5% of worlds total output. Fishing is leading activity in coastal china, Vietnam, North Korea, South Korea, The Philippines, Indonesia and Russia.