The traditional architecture of our country is very different and original. The art of buildings dates back to the ancient age. The architecture of our country is explicitly religious and majestic art. Like other art, Nepali architecture is noted for its originality and magnificence. The architecture of Nepal is divided into Pagoda, Stupa and Summit style, where all of them are different and original styles.

The difference are:

Shikhar style Pagoda style
Popular in 17th and 18th century. Started in ancient time and reaches in climax in medieval period in about 13th century.
Veranda on sides, at the top supported by stone carved pillars. Roofs are made of gold, brass, or bronze.
Doors are carved in stones and wood is rarely used. Has wooden and metal carving doors and windows in all sides.
Modern architecture is influenced by European style but traditional architecture are original and are religiously influenced.
Nepali art and culture is important heritage and it must be preserved. It should be preserved as it not only attracts but also preserves our religious values, tradition and norms. Nepali art and culture is influenced by religion and is original and if it is not preserved then the originality gets destroyed. The art and culture is also an alternative way to teach our future generation the value of our culture and tradition. We can preserve our art and culture by educating people about the importance of them. Art and cultural programs should held time to time to give knowledge of the culture.
  • Pashupatinath = Pagoda style
  • Krishna mandir = Pagoda style
  • Kasthamandap = Pagoda style
  • Nyatapola = Pagoda style
  • Bauddhanath = Stupa style
  • Manakamana = Pagoda style
  • Janaki mandir = Summit style
  • Narayanhiti palace = Summit style
Architecture is the art of painting, designing and constructing buildings. Nepali architecture is famous all over the world. It has influenced architects from other countries as well. Architecture of ancient and medieval Nepal has been proved scientifically excellent. It is considered as a major part of Nepalese cultural heritage. The agriculture of Nepal can be better understood by dividing and explaining it into four major types.

Pagoda style is our original or Nepalese style. It denotes multi tired temples with large base and proportionately decreasing as we go up, with roof and pinnacle at the top. The ground floor is called sanctum, which consists of the god that is worshipped. The upper storey have space for storing god's property.

The pagoda style is believed to be a refined Chinese or Indian version of Nepal. Man Griha, Kailashkut Bhawan, etc. are the examples of pagoda styles. Pashupatinath temples and Changunarayan temple are also good examples of pagoda style.

The differences are:

Shikhar style Stupa style
1. The Shikhar style looks like the peak of a mountain. 1. Stupa is a shrine with a broad base of its gradual upward narrowing.
2. It is divided into five or nine parts in a vertical manner. 2. It is also termed as Chaitya indicating of consciousness.
3. The topmost part of each structure consists of pinnacle; Krishna temple and Janaki temple are good examples. 3. Stupa means hillock or raised part. Maya Devi, Swayambhunath and Bouddhanath are good examples of stupa style.
The ancient or traditional architecture was widely developed. Temples and different palaces were built in large number. Shikhar style and pagoda style were common to make temples and palaces. Wooden and stone carvings are common. Some examples of ancient architecture are Changunarayan, Nyatapola, Swayambhunath and Krishna temple.

These days temples and palaces are few in number. In modern time, wood and stones are less used. Cement, rod, sand, brick, marble, different colors etc are used in modern architecture. Singha Durbar, Shreemahal, Ranimahal, Kesharmahal, etc. are the models of modern architecture.

Pagoda style is common these days too. When Araniko visited China, he had introduced our own original style of architecture in China. It was more popular at that time. In course of the time, its popularity has not maintained, as it had to be. To keep up its identity alive or make popular worldwide, we can do following tasks:

  • There should be the curriculum of Pagoda style developed for educating theoretically or practically.
  • Its management should be from basic level to higher level.
  • There should be senior and gosthi on pagoda style.
  • The government should make it compulsory to follow pagoda style.
  • If necessary, there should be the modification made on pagoda style.
  • The government should give and advertise the mechanism of pagoda style worldwide.
The specialties of architecture in our country are:
  • Use of stone and wood artistically.
  • Different style of building, temples and palace, some temples are made in Pagoda style, some temples are made in Gumbas style. Pachpannajhyale Durbar, Hanumandhoka, Mangriha, Bhadraniwas and Kailashkut palaces were/are carved with excellent art.
  • Use of excellent skill.
  • Special use of stone, soil, brick, wood, etc. to make temples and palaces durable.