The comparative description of ancient and medieval Nepali sculpture is given below:
Ancient sculpture Medieval sculpture
Simple in meaning and influenced by religious theme. Complex in meaning and influenced by tantrism.
Stone and clay was used to make those paintings. Stones, metals and woods were used to make those paintings.
Little us of costume and ornaments. More use of costumes and ornaments.
Vishnu in Budhanikantha is the most beautiful sculpture I've ever seen because it is a really marvelous item of Nepali sculpture. It is one solid piece of stone which is about 7th century, was carved into the likeness of Vishnu who lies on the bedding formed by shesh nags with his head to the east. His calm face and gentle smile is given symbolic interpretation.
Development of sculptures reached its climax in the Malla period because during Malla period most of the renowned sculptures were introduced and flourished. Malla period is also known as the golden period for sculpture. The images inside Changunarayan Temple and around it, image of Palanchowk Bhagwati, image o Budhanilkantha etc are the evidences to that the Malla period was the golden period of sculptures.

Nepali sculpture is valued mainly from their religious perspectives. To enhance their aesthetic importance, sculptures be given a proper recognition in the society. People should be encouraged towards the aesthetic side to improve the painting style and sculptures should be given an important position in the society.

For the preservation of Nepali sculptures following steps should be followed:

  • Importance of sculptures should be introduced
  • Exhibitions should be held from time to time.
  • Necessary tools should be provided to the interested people.
  • Old, Important and valuable sculptures should be preserved in the museum.
  • Regular cleaning and mending of the sculptures should be done.
Sculpture is a work of art that is produced by carving or shaping stone, wood, clay, metal etc. This can be in the form of statues, engraving and so on. Religion being the heart and soul of the traditional Nepali sculpture, there are many idols and images of gods and goddesses that were made in ancient times. Most of them are carved on stones, walls and wooden planks and fixed on doors and windows of temples. The middle age of Nepal was popular for sculpture. The oldest idol found till the date is of Baman Tribikram Birupakshya.
The sculpture in Nepal has been developed since ancient time. Wooden, metal and stone carvings have been tradition of Nepal since the ancient time. In the carvings, we can find the images of gods and goddesses, animals and birds, etc. The idol of Baman Tribikram is the old model of sculpture of ancient period. The development of sculpture was in climax in the medieval age. Extensiveness, complexity, religion, humanism, etc. are the features of medieval sculpture. Formally, the development of sculpture in Nepal started from Lichhavi period.

I have found a sculptor. He was very busy making several images of goddesses and idols. His creations were scattered everywhere around him. They were of god, goddess, animals, birds etc. I asked him several questions on sculpture. He said to me that metal, stone, cement, ironwood, chemicals are necessary to make idols, images and statues. To show the carvings on images is very difficult job. Collar, scale, hammer, thread and pencils are necessary for making images. It may take more than one month to complete an image. He also said that such his creations have the market within our country or outside the country.