According to me, doctors are correct because water is the most important and the most consumed element and if the water we consume is not clean then we might suffer from different communicable diseases including typhoid, diarrhoea, and dysentery etc. The doctors are there for their medical treatment but if the doctors themselves are suffering from disease then the society cannot be healthy.
Nowadays, new technologies have arrived in the field of medical science for curing many diseases. As doctors have to conduct many surgical operations and attend emergencies they need electricity.
- Lack of hospitals and health posts.
- Lack of awareness regarding importance of health.
- Superstitious beliefs on wizards.
- Poor economic level
- Unaffordable price for quality health service
- Extending health centre and health post.
- Active cooperation between nation and international organizations.
- Free medical checkups in rural areas.
- Awareness programs should be held in order to acknowledge the people.
- Educating people about the crooked wizards.
- Educating people about the importance of health.
- Giving proper care to the both mother and the newborn to decrease the mortality rate.
- To aware people about the importance of clean drinking water and educating them to purify water.
- Encouraging women to take obstetric service from health workers.
Road transport system is the most suited transport system for Nepal because it is comparatively affordable and also easier to operate than others. The other transport systems are lagging behind because of the mountainous topography, landlocked position, lack of technological development and poor economic conditions of Nepal.
- Uneven geographical distribution of Nepal
- Lack of minimum physical facilities
- Lack of political stabilities and prolonged transition phase
- Lack of budget and skilled manpower
- Reconstructing the damaged roads
- Encouraging government to improve road system and also make transport available in every part of the country
- Utilizing natural and modern system to make the roads last for a very long time.
- Regular and proper maintenance of the roads
|S.N.||Health Index||FY 2053-54||Goals of 9th Plan||Goals in next 20 years|
|3.||Total fertility rate (per women)||4.58||4.20||3.05|
|5.||Child mortality rate in 10,000 live births)||47.5||40.0||25.0|
|6.||Users of contraceptive (%)||30.1||36||58.2|
|7.||Maternity services rendered by trained personnel (%)||31.5||50||95|
|8.||Birth of children below 2,500g (%)||-||2.3||12|
|9.||Plain mortality rate/1000||11.5||9.6||61|
|10.||Plain birth rate/1000||34.4||33.14||26.6|
|11.||Availability of very essential health service (% to population)||-||70||90|
- State the health status of Nepal according to the given table.
- By what percent should the availability of essential health service be increased to meet the goal of 9th plan?
- By what percent should infant mortality rate be decreased from the status of 2053/54 to meet the goals of 20 years?
1. Nepal is an underdeveloped country. Many types of health problems are prevalent here and epidemics have become the characteristics of Nepal. Infant mortality rate (61.5 per thousand), child mortality rate (102.3 per thousand) and total fertility rate (4.20 per women) are higher in comparison with developed countries. Similarly, crude death rate (9.6 per thousand) and crude birth rate 33.1 per thousand are also high. To conclude, the status of health condition hasn't improved.
2. The availability of essential health service should be increased by 20% to meet the goal of 9th plan.
3. Infant mortality rate of 2053/54= 74.7 per thousand
i.e. 7.47% (74.74/1000 * 100)
Infant mortality rate of 20 years aim/target= 34.4 per thousand
i.e. 3.44% (34.44/1000* 100)
Therefore, The differences between two= 7.42 - 3.44
Decreased percent= 4.03/7.47* 100 = 53.95%
Hence, Infant mortality rate should be decreased by 53.95% to meet the goals of next 20 years.
Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world. People living here do not have enough nutritious food to eat, pure water to drink, ideal places for physical exercise and good health services for treatment. At the same time, they are involved in many bad habits like smoking, chewing tobacco, taking wine and using drugs. All these adversely affect the health of the individual.
Also a prenatal baby cannot develop nicely from his/her conception due to malnourishment of the mother. S/he has unhealthy environment after his/her postnatal life. Due to poor maternity services, many infants die. Whenever infants fall sick, they cannot be treated properly due to lack of hospital, health center, etc. Due to these various problems child mortality rate is high in our country.
The following things need to be done to improve the health condition of the people living in rural areas of Nepal:
- Health posts, health centers and hospitals should be established according to demography.
- Transportation facilities and other facilities should be provided so that they will have easy access to reach the hospital.
- Awareness should be generated among the people of rural areas so as to make them believe in doctors rather than witch doctors.