The advantages of genetic propagation are given below:

  • Simplest, easiest and the most economical process among various types of plant propagation.
  • Some plants, trees, vegetables or fruits species can propagate only through sexual propagation. E.g. marigold, papaya, tomato etc.
  • This type of propagation leads to better crop species that are stronger, disease-resistant and have a longer lifespan.
  • Easy storage and transportation of seeds.
  • Sexual propagation is responsible for the production of a large number of crops and that too with different varieties.


The disadvantages of genetic propagation are given below:

  • Plants that do not have seeds can’t be propagated through this process.
  • Seeds take a long time to turn into mature plants i.e. the time interval between sowing and flowering is longer.
  • Some plant species do not produce viable seeds through sexual propagation and hence are unsuitable to propagate for the same.
  • Seedlings propagated through sexual propagation are unlikely to have same genetic characteristics as that of parent plants.

Vegetative propagation is a form of asexual reproduction of a plant. Only one plant is involved and the offspring is the result of one parent. The new plant is genetically identical to the parent.

The aspects to be considered for floriculture in vases and plastics are enlisted below:

  1. Preparation of vase and selection of flower plant.
  2. Selection of seed or sapling of the selected flower plant.
  3. Proper care of flower.
  4. Plucking of flowers and their storage.

The conditions for the germination of a seed are listed below:

  • The proper environmental conditions must be available.
  • The embryo must be alive or viable.
  • Any dormancy preventing germination must be broken.

Thinning is a term used in agricultural sciences which means the removal of some plants or parts of plants to make room for the growth of others. Pruning is a horticultural practice involving the selective removal of parts of a plant, such as branches, buds, or roots. Reasons to prune plants include deadwood removal, shaping improving or maintaining health, reducing risk from falling branches, preparing nursery specimens for transplanting, and both harvesting and increasing the yield or quality of flowers and fruits.

Amenity gardening is the section of floriculture involved with growing plants for recreational or ornamental purposes. It includes providing, establishing and managing amenity floriculture sites. Amenity gardening has a vital role to play in the future management of the environment.

The advantages of asexual propagation are given below:

  • Plants grown through vegetative propagation bear fruits early.
  • The process is faster than sexual propagation. This helps in rapid generation of crops which in turn balances the loss.
  • Injured plants can be recovered or repaired through techniques involved in asexual propagation.
  • Asexual propagation allows propagation of crops that do not possess seeds or those which are not possible to grow from seeds. For e.g. jasmine, sugarcane, potato, banana, rose etc.

The importances of flowers in a human life are given below:

  • To create a pleasant and healthy atmosphere around and within the house.
  • A key component for carrying out various religious activities.
  • For the decoration purposes.
  • Creation of a clean, fresh and wonderful environment.
  • As an integral ingredient in a variety of cosmetic items such as perfumes and oils.
  • Medicinal purposes.

The types of flower cultivation system are:

Amenity Gardening

Amateur gardening, and

Commercial gardening: Commercial gardening is a type of floriculture that covers ornamental plants produced for sale and includes potted plants, seeds, seeding, cut flowers, and bulbs. A market garden is a business that provides a wide range and steady supply of fresh products throughout the local growing season.