Fundamental rights are those guaranteed by the constitution which no one is authorized to take away from you. In terms of the senior citizens, the fundamental rights ensure that the state shall provide them special protection. The newly added fundamental rights are right to live with dignity, right to food, right to residence, right of senior citizens, consumer rights, and right of crime victims, among others.

Rights mean those freedoms which are essential for personal well-being as well as the well-being of the community. Fundamental rights are guaranteed by the constitution as these basic rights are needed by every citizen for the development of the citizens. In the absence of fundamental rights, human life has little or no possibility of peaceful existence. Therefore, fundamental rights are important for human beings. People need fundamental rights to lead happy and contented life.

The constitution regards it illegal to discriminate among citizens on grounds of origin, religion, race, caste, tribe, sex, physical condition, disability, health conditions, economic condition, language or geographical region, ideology and such other matters.


Every citizen shall have the freedoms; freedom of opinion and expression, freedom to assemble peacefully, freedom to form a political party. The citizens are also given freedom to form unions and associations, freedom to move and reside in any part of Nepal; and freedom to engage in any occupation or be engaged in employment, establish and operate.

Some of the fundamental rights are as follows:

  • Rights to privacy
  • Rights regarding labour
  • Rights against torture
  • Rights against exile
  • Rights to social justice
  • Rights against preventive detention
  • Rights of women
  • Rights of Dalits
  • Right to health care
  • Rights regarding environment and health

The two important fundamental rights are:

  • Right to equality
  • Right to freedom



The fundamental right of children are as follows:

  • Rights to privacy
  • Rights against torture
  • Rights regarding environments and health
  • Rights against exile
  • Rights of women
  • Rights against preventive detention

The worldwide declaration of human rights, passed by UNO in 1948 A.D are listed below:

Everyone has the right to live and security of person.

Everyone has the right to follow a religion of one's choice.

Here are some of the rights passed by the worldwide declaration of human rights listed below:

  • Everyone has the right to life and security of person.
  • Everyone has the right to follow a religion of one's choice.
  • Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
  • Everyone has the right to freedom of movement within the borders of each state.
  • Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
  • Everyone has right to earn.
  • Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
  • Everyone has the right to work, in favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.