Notes on lesson on Our Past |

Our Past

After completing this lesson, student must be able to:

  • Describe about Delhi agreement and end of revolution of 2007 BS.
  • Describe tripartite agreement between Congress, Rana and Tribhuvan signed history agreement.
  • Political activities between 2007 to 2017 B.S.
  • Describe the direct rule and ban on political parties.
  • Explain about socio-economic achievements from 2007 BS to 2017 BS.
  • Describe the events between 2017 B.S. and 2036 B.S.
  • Describe the political and historical events between 2036 B.S. and 2046 B.S.
  • Write the about of First and Second World War .


Political Activities After 2062 B.S.

  1. After the restoration of democracy, the first Representative Assembly meeting was held on 15th Baishakh 2063 B.S. Girija Pd. Koirala became the Prime Minister in the new government.
  2. Nepal was declared a secular country, His Majesty’s Government was replaced by Nepal Government, all the powers of the King were suspended, his property was made taxable, Royal Nepal Army was named Nepal Army, and the existing National Anthem was suspended.
  3. On 2nd Ashad 2063 B.S., an 8-point Agreement was reached between the seven political parties and CPN Maoist.
  4. On 5th Mangsir 2063 B.S., the Comprehensive Peace Accord was signed by the Maoist representative Pushpa Kamal Dahal and the government representative Girija Pd. Koirala, under the UN mediation.
  5. The Interim Constitution of Nepal 2063 B.S. was promulgated on 1st Magh 2063 B.S.
  6. The first meeting of the assembly declared Nepal as republic and abolished monarchy on 15th Jestha 2065 B.S.
  7. Dr. Ram Baran Yadav was elected the first President of Nepal.
  8. CPN Maoist President Pushpa Kamal Dahal became the Prime Minister on 2nd Bhadra 2065 B.S.
  9. The second Constituent Assembly election was held on 4th Mangsir 2070 B.S.
  10. Nepal faced the worst natural disaster in the form of strong earthquakes on 12th and 29th Baishakh 2072 B.S.
  11. President Ram Baran Yadav announced the Nepal Constitution 2072 B.S. on 3rd Aswin 2072 B.S.

Social and Economic Achievements after Second People’s Movement

  1. The 19 day long Second People’s Movement in 2062/63 B.S. ended with achievement of Republic Democracy in Nepal.
  2. People got equal and fair representation principle for any and all sectors meaning that citizens from any backward community, from any area, speaking any language, of any gender, etc. were brought into the mainstream.
  3. Women, indigenous population, madhesis, dalits, people with disability or people from remote and backward areas were given rights and services according to percentage after the second People’s Movement.
  4. After the movement, the armed resistance was ended and peace was restored in Nepal.
  5. Nepal is one of the fastest growing economies in Asia. Many opportunities have opened set for foreign investments.
  6. There have been agreements like Bilateral Investment Protection and Promotion Agreement (BIPPA), support grants, transit grants, etc.
  7. The government’s priority is economic growth and self employment. Big projects of national pride have been started.