Reader response theory
Reader-response criticism is the criticism based on the reader response to the text. It gives validity to every response given by the readers. It assumes that every response is valid and no response is insufficient. It values the multiplicity of the meaning of the text. It focuses on the reader's response in the interpretation of the text. The basic focus is under reader and the process of reading. This criticism came as a reaction against the new criticism that rejected the reader's role in the production of the meaning and focuses on the single based interpretation whereas the reader response criticism focuses on the reader's participation in the production of the text.