Psychoanalytic criticism agrees to the methods of reading employed by Freud and later theorist to interpret a text. It argues that literary text like dreams, express, the secret unconscious desires and anxiety of the author that a literary work is a sign of the author's own neuroses. One may psychoanalyze a particular character within the literary work but it is usually assumed that all such characters are a projection of the author’s psyche. The goal of psychoanalysis is to help us to resolve our psychological problem. The focus of psychoanalysis is the pattern of human behavior that is destructive in somewhere. The unconscious is the storehouse of those painful experiences and emotions.
The anxiety and core issues are the human psychological stages. The defenses are the process in which we try to protect our personality from the psychological guilt. Our relationship with death is a principle organizer of our psychological experiences. According to Freud, death is a biological drive which he calls the death drive or Thanatos. Freud realized that our sexuality is part and partial of our identity and it is related to our capacity to feel pleasure in ways that are not generally considered sexual. Lacan defines human unconscious mind through lack and categorized as an imaginary stage, symbolic stage, and real stage.