Population Situation of Nepal and Environment
The population of the World is increasing at the rate of 3 children per second. The growing population is largely affecting the ecosystem. This note provides information about the population status of the World and Nepal from past to present.
The description of the population according to the different characteristics such as caste, religion, sex, language, occupation, etc is called composition of the population. It is the structure of the population. This note provides information about the composition of the population by sex, caste/ethnicity, and religion.
Population classified on the basis of age is called population composition by age. This note provides information about population composition by age, occupation, language and educational status.
The age-sex composition of the population can be also expressed interms of the pyramid. Population pyramid can be defined as the graphical presentation of the age-sex composition of the population and population density ca be defined as the total number of people living in a per unit are or unit volume. This note provides information about population pyramid and population density by ecological region, development region and by place of residence.
From 1972 the concept of development region was enter in Nepal . From that year , Nepal was divided into five development region . Eastern , Central , Western, Far western and Mid-Western development region.
The process of converting rural areas into urban areas by providing various facilities like of urban area is known as urbanization. This note provides information about urbanization with different type of urban areas.
The urbanization level of Nepal is very low. Nepal lies in the list of least developed countries or least urbanized countries. The SAARC countries with least urbanization level is Sri- Lanka with 15.1% and highest urbanization level is Maldives with 41.2%. There is both positve and negative impacts of urbanization. This note provides information about the urbanization trend in Nepal, impact of urbanization on population and environment.