Meanings of Job, task, position and occupation Concept, benefits and methods of job Design. Concept, and purposes of Job Analysis, collecting job analysis information, Job Analysis techniques – Job-focused and person / behavior-focused. Job description, job specification and job evaluation.
The job task, position, and occupation are interred related with one another. So, all have to be performed one by one. Job task without the position in an organization have no value and does not provide any meaning to the business. He word job, occupation, and "career" are considered as the same thing. But they contain they have very distinct meanings. They are, you get paid for a work or position in a job. Example: a civil engineering at ABC Company.
Job design is the information of job analysis, job description, job specification that provide the element for the behavior of people. Job design follows job rotation, job enrichment and job enlargement, where job rotation is the movement of workers from one job to another. Job enrichment means the way of gathering difficult task for gathering the worker who is assigned the task must be responsible for performing the entire task. Similarly, job enlargement means putting the workers higher activities that require them to be educated in various areas seemed to have more positive effects.
Various methodologies for analyzing the requirements of a job is called job analysis. Document the requirements of a job and use it as a basis for developing JD, selection systems, performance appraisals, training need assessments, compensation administration etc. The outcome of job analysis provides, description of common duties, or tasks, performed on the job, descriptions of the knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics required to perform those tasks establishing the relative worth of jobs for compensation purpose. The nature of job analysis includes, Job analysis as the procedure for determining the duties and skill requirements of a job and the kind of person who should be hired for it, Job description as a list of a job’s duties, responsibilities, reporting relationships, working conditions, and supervisory responsibilities one product of a job analysis, job specifications as a list of a job’s “human requirements,” that is, the requisite education, skills, personality, and so on—another product of a job analysis.