On completion of this lesson, students should be able to:

  • Explain Newton's Law of Gravitation
  • Differentiate between Gravity and Gravitation
  • Explain why acceleration due to gravity varies on Earth
  • Differentiate between mass and weight
  • Explain Free fall and Weight



Force due to which a relatively small object is attracted towards the center of the larger objects like planets or satellites is known as gravity. In this note, you will learn about gravity along with its mathematical formulas.


The force of attraction between any two bodies in the universe is called gravitation. This note has information about universal law of gravitation, its effect and variables that affect gravitational force.

Gravitational Field

When a unit mass experience a force within a gravitational field then, the force is called gravitational field intensity. This note has brief explanation of gravitational field and its intensity.

Variation of Acceleration due to Gravity

Weight of the body is high at poles than in equator. This note has brief information about difference in gravity within our earth and illustrates how falling rate or acceleration due to gravity is independent of the masses of the falling bodies.

Free fall

Weightlessness is the situation of having zero weight of a body with certain mass. This note has brief explanation of free fall and weightlessness.