Subject: Social Studies
Apart from multilateral relationships, when countries meet all together, all countries relate directly to another country, and this is done by sending diplomats to live in the other country and by visits of heads of state. Ministers and other officials of Nepal pay official visits to other countries so do their counterparts in other countries. Such exchange of visit helps to strengthen bilateral relations.
Let us consider an example. The British ambassador is a very high-level representative of Britain. He lives in the British embassy in Kathmandu, and this house is like a small part of Britain. The embassy looks, after all, British people in Nepal; they issue visas to Nepalese wanting to visit Britain. They oversee the many British aid projects, and the ambassadors will speak to the Nepali government on behalf of the British government. Similarly, Nepal sends an ambassador to London.
When countries don't need such a close relationship but want to maintain friendly contact, they appoint a consul. So, for example, Canada has appointed a Nepali citizen to be Canadian consul in Kathmandu. Currently, relations with Nepal are also maintained by the Canadian embassy in New Delhi, India.
Besides their internal funding, developing nations like ours need external support to carry out their development projects and country development activities. Nepal receives foreign aid from individual donor nation like Japan, Germany (Bilateral aid) and from international organizations like the World Bank, European Union, Asian Development Bank (Multilateral aid). The aid can be given (grant assistance) or lent (loan). This may be financial, or technical, or both. Aid schemes are determined by a meeting of donor nations or organizations.
Canada is the second largest country in the world, with one of the lowest population densities. The north is ice and snow, the west has high mountains, the centre is vast, grassy prairies, and in the east, there are great lakes and hilly farmland. Originally units lived in the north and further south. Then many French and British arrived and settled, so English and French are the official languages. Nowadays people have settled in Canada from Europe, Asia and Africa. In the recent past, Canada has helped Nepal's development with some important projects; Kathmandu international airport security system and improving the twin other services; safe water and basic community health in several places; developing trade within SAARC; women's development and hydropower installation.
Canada is among the top 20 countries for buying Nepalese exports, in particular, ready made garments. 1.4% of the tourist coming to Nepal is Canadians. Outside Vancouver, there is a world college for grade 11 and 12 students from all over the world and there is an annual scholarship available for Nepali students.
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