Needs and Importance of Transport and Development of Road in Nepal

Subject: Social Studies

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The process of traveling from one place to another is called transportation.In the context of Nepal, road transport is the most suitable system of transport. This note contains description on needs and importance of transport and development of road in Nepal.
Needs and Importance of Transport and Development of Road in Nepal


Need and importance


The world has become smaller due to the advanced means of transport and communication available in modern time. You can travel a great distance within a short time and you can make contact with anybody in any part of the world immediately. Every day you are using various means of transport directly or indirectly. Probably many of you and your teachers use vehicles to come to school and go home daily. Imagine how you would feel if all the means of transport in your area come to a sudden halt! Or remember how economic and social aspects of a daily life are affected by a transport strike.

A good system of the transport network is needed for a country's economic and social growth. Industries get their raw materials and agricultural as well as finished goods get markets. Tourists can visit places of interest. Trade and business can flourish. Local products find a market. Human relations and cooperation are widened. But the lack of transport makes all these activities difficult and the overall socio-economic development is obstructed.

Transport in Nepal

cable car.jpg

As other infrastructure developments, development of transport in Nepal also started late. Today we got several system of transport likewise roadways, railways, ropeways and waterways. Due to our mountainous topography, landlocked position, backward technology and poor economic condition, these systems have not been developed well. We have not got any sea and large navigable rivers, suitable for water transport. Only small boats and rafts are operating in limited courses of few rivers. We have also not been able to expand the only railway i.e. Janakpur-Jaynagar railway even across the Terai plain. The main reason is a lack of capital and technology. Though airways and ropeways are very suitable for a mountainous country like ours, the system is also quite limited. Even the available services cannot be afforded by ordinary Nepalese. Roadways are developed more in Nepal. But it has not connected all parts of the country yet. Remote areas of the north have still to rely on the expensive air transport that is often unreliable, too.

Development of road

SN Plan Aim of the 3-yr interim plan Achievement
1 Construction of new roads (km) 780 1359
2 Promotion, reconstruction and rehabilitation of roads (km) 2500 1516
3 Periodic repair 1450 1145.5
4 Connection of district headquarters 12 8

Plans for roads

Due to our backward economic condition, mountainous and landlocked features, road transport is the most suitable system of transport. The 3-year interim plan had set up the following aims and objectives for the development of road transport in the country.

  • To construct road networks connecting district headquarters, remote areas and areas in mid hills, east-west and north-south in order to provide access to markets for agricultural and industrial goods and services.
  • To make feasibility studies of fast track road connecting Kathmandu with Terai and electric railway and implement possible projects.
  • To prioritise the activities for the completion of roads under construction and for the promotion of available roads.
  • To encourage the private sector in the construction of the infrastructures of alternative technology like railway, cable car and ropeway, and raise the access of rural areas.
  • To carry out feasibility studies of waterways.
  • To give the responsibility of construction and maintenance of local roads to the local bodies.
  • To apply clear policy regarding road security.
Things to remember
  • A good system of the transport network is needed for a country’s economic and social growth.
  • The transport system has not been developed.well in Nepal due to our mountainous topography, landlocked position, backward technology and poor economic condition.
  • Road transport is the most suitable system of transport in the context of Nepal.
  • The 3-year interim plan had set up some plans for the development of road transport in the country which are: carry out feasibility studies of waterways, give the responsibility of construction and maintenance of local roads to the local bodies, apply clear policy regarding road security etc.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Videos for Needs and Importance of Transport and Development of Road in Nepal
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Questions and Answers

According to me, it is necessary to give a traffic lesson to the people of the areas without road transport because knowledge is never a waste. The people may not have road system now in their area but someday they will or they might travel to another place with road transport available. Without learning the traffic rules, it will be very difficult for them to sustain in that place.

A main cause of road accident in our country is poor condition of roads. The roads of Nepal are narrow, steep, bumpy and full of sharp bends and large potholes, due to which it is more difficult to travel on the road. Moreover, if the road is located near the hill then during monsoon season the vehicle may slip and fall.

The purposes of different traffic symbols put on the roadside is to inform people about the obstacles, direction, rules and regulation in the road, avoiding road accidents and decrease useless traffic jams.

The Three Years Interim plan has adopted following strategies in the sector of road transportation:

  • To continue the construction of road to link the district headquarters with other parts of the district and improve the road network in the capital.
  • To improve the roads of popular and densely populated areas, borders and markets of both mountain and plain areas for the convenience of the transportation of the local products to market and maintaining the law and order.
  • To build east-west, north-south and corridor road in the mid regions as well as the prioritized regions to increase the accessibility to these regions.
  • To maintain and repair the roads, bridges that are in use for safe transportation.
  • To regulate the road safety measures and study the environment and other related aspects.
  • To explore other means of transportation like water ways, rail ways and execute the plans immediately.

All the sectors of the country will be affected due to lack of the road. It takes a long time to go from one place to another. We should spend a long time to go to office and return from office. Trade, business, school, campus, market, news will be affected. Due to lack of road, it becomes difficult to manage food, shelter and clothes. Industries cannot run smoothly. After all, national unity and integrity also gets disturbed.

The following is the list of factors responsible for hindering the development of transport in our country:

  • lack of knowledge on geographical features.
  • lack of manpower necessary to operate the work.
  • difficult topography Mountains, Hills.
  • lack of capital required for investment.
  • lack of modern technology.
  • lack of construction materials within the country.
  • defective contract system.
  • defective Government policy.
  • lack of coordination between the government and local authority.
  • lack of appropriate environment to preserve the road.
There are almost straight, black topped and wide roads in the developed countries of Europe. However, accident happen there, too. Its main cause is over-speed of vehicles. He says that there are differences in accidents that occurs here. Here accidents occur due to narrow, old steep slope and enormous bends in roads but developed countries of Europe face accidents due to over speed.
Government should go on improving the roads. If roads are not increased or widened with the increment according to number of vehicles, there will be problems in running vehicles. Sometimes, it is faster to go on foot then by vehicles. One of the incident happened some years ago at Ratna Park. People had to wait for hours due to very slow mobility of vehicles caused by narrow roads and more number of vehicles. Taking this into consideration, Ministry of Transport repaired and expanded the roads. It facilitated the people traveling in vehicles and pedestrian time expense. It is better to apply this policy of government in all parts.
I live in chahabil, Kathmandu. A network of road transport reaches every corner of my locality. A black topped road runs through the heart of my locality. Graveled roads branch off from that road and end at different houses or the other black topped roads. Some earthen roads also join black topped and graveled roads. Black topped is widest, graveled is moderately wide and earthen are the narrowest roads of my community. Generally, the light vehicles run on these roads.

If I were the transport minister, I would develop road transport in various ways. I would complete the task of east- west highway from the middle part of our country. Then I would make a plan to connect both east-west highways through feeder roads. Feeder roads would be parallel in nature joining south to north. Feeder roads would be further connected by local roads. I would activate local people take initiative to construct the local roads themselves. Foreign grants would be sought and utilized properly. Constant policy should be implemented to mobilize the programme in action.

When compared with the modern transport system of developed countries, Nepal lies far behind. Lack of transportation facilities has been the main reason responsible for the lack of development in the remote parts of the country. Uneven topography of Nepal itself is one of the problems. Weak economic conditions of the country is another problem. In addition to these, shortage of skilled manpower, lack of technological expertise, faulty construction system, lack of maintenance, unsuccessful government policy, lack of co-ordination and environment issue are other problems of transport.


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