Subject: Social Studies
Need and importance
The world has become smaller due to the advanced means of transport and communication available in modern time. You can travel a great distance within a short time and you can make contact with anybody in any part of the world immediately. Every day you are using various means of transport directly or indirectly. Probably many of you and your teachers use vehicles to come to school and go home daily. Imagine how you would feel if all the means of transport in your area come to a sudden halt! Or remember how economic and social aspects of a daily life are affected by a transport strike.
A good system of the transport network is needed for a country's economic and social growth. Industries get their raw materials and agricultural as well as finished goods get markets. Tourists can visit places of interest. Trade and business can flourish. Local products find a market. Human relations and cooperation are widened. But the lack of transport makes all these activities difficult and the overall socio-economic development is obstructed.
Transport in Nepal
As other infrastructure developments, development of transport in Nepal also started late. Today we got several system of transport likewise roadways, railways, ropeways and waterways. Due to our mountainous topography, landlocked position, backward technology and poor economic condition, these systems have not been developed well. We have not got any sea and large navigable rivers, suitable for water transport. Only small boats and rafts are operating in limited courses of few rivers. We have also not been able to expand the only railway i.e. Janakpur-Jaynagar railway even across the Terai plain. The main reason is a lack of capital and technology. Though airways and ropeways are very suitable for a mountainous country like ours, the system is also quite limited. Even the available services cannot be afforded by ordinary Nepalese. Roadways are developed more in Nepal. But it has not connected all parts of the country yet. Remote areas of the north have still to rely on the expensive air transport that is often unreliable, too.
Development of road
|SN||Plan||Aim of the 3-yr interim plan||Achievement|
|1||Construction of new roads (km)||780||1359|
|2||Promotion, reconstruction and rehabilitation of roads (km)||2500||1516|
|4||Connection of district headquarters||12||8|
Plans for roads
Due to our backward economic condition, mountainous and landlocked features, road transport is the most suitable system of transport. The 3-year interim plan had set up the following aims and objectives for the development of road transport in the country.
According to me, it is necessary to give a traffic lesson to the people of the areas without road transport because knowledge is never a waste. The people may not have road system now in their area but someday they will or they might travel to another place with road transport available. Without learning the traffic rules, it will be very difficult for them to sustain in that place.
A main cause of road accident in our country is poor condition of roads. The roads of Nepal are narrow, steep, bumpy and full of sharp bends and large potholes, due to which it is more difficult to travel on the road. Moreover, if the road is located near the hill then during monsoon season the vehicle may slip and fall.
The purposes of different traffic symbols put on the roadside is to inform people about the obstacles, direction, rules and regulation in the road, avoiding road accidents and decrease useless traffic jams.
The Three Years Interim plan has adopted following strategies in the sector of road transportation:
All the sectors of the country will be affected due to lack of the road. It takes a long time to go from one place to another. We should spend a long time to go to office and return from office. Trade, business, school, campus, market, news will be affected. Due to lack of road, it becomes difficult to manage food, shelter and clothes. Industries cannot run smoothly. After all, national unity and integrity also gets disturbed.
The following is the list of factors responsible for hindering the development of transport in our country:
If I were the transport minister, I would develop road transport in various ways. I would complete the task of east- west highway from the middle part of our country. Then I would make a plan to connect both east-west highways through feeder roads. Feeder roads would be parallel in nature joining south to north. Feeder roads would be further connected by local roads. I would activate local people take initiative to construct the local roads themselves. Foreign grants would be sought and utilized properly. Constant policy should be implemented to mobilize the programme in action.
When compared with the modern transport system of developed countries, Nepal lies far behind. Lack of transportation facilities has been the main reason responsible for the lack of development in the remote parts of the country. Uneven topography of Nepal itself is one of the problems. Weak economic conditions of the country is another problem. In addition to these, shortage of skilled manpower, lack of technological expertise, faulty construction system, lack of maintenance, unsuccessful government policy, lack of co-ordination and environment issue are other problems of transport.
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