Education, Its Aim and Education in Nepal

Subject: Social Studies

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Education provides the skilled manpower needed in all the areas for development. It is often taken as the first and the foremost infrastructure of the development. This note contains a description of education, its aim and education in Nepal.
Education, Its Aim and Education in Nepal


Human being are the most important resources of the countries. But they must be firstly educated to utilize available means and resources to an optimum level. It is the education that makes people conscious, disciplined and productive. Educated people know the importance of their health and the need for nation development as well. Besides, educated people are more knowledgeable and make a better voting choice to help maintain good governance. Since education provides the skilled manpower needed in all the areas for development, it is often taken as the first and the foremost infrastructure of the development.

A good education includes both academic and technical education.

Aims of education

The education is very important and here are some reasons for being educated:

  1. To learn to solve our own problems.
  2. To be able to use multiple languages.
  3. To be able to change society.
  4. To have higher status on education.
  5. To be civilized.
  6. To know about the country better and contribute to development.
  7. To make people aware of the mistakes they are doing.
  8. To acknowledge people about the importance of education.
Education in Nepal

Education in Nepal was long based on Homeschooling and Gurukul.The first formal school was established in 1853 but was intended to the elites. Education in Nepal is not that developed. English education in Nepal started in 1910 BS with the establishment of Durbar High School in Kathmandu during the Rana rule. There were only 321 schools and colleges in 2007 BS. When compared to the number of school going children, the number of schools were very low. Even those provided were not evenly distributed and properly managed. Facilities of higher education are also far from enough. Technical education is highly limited, provided by very few educational institutions. It is difficult to find jobs according to qualification. Above all, the general public is still not aware of the value of education and poor people cannot afford a good education.

According to the tenth census, average literacy rate had increased to 54% where women's was only 42%. Study these figures:

School Education, 2066 BS

Students Teachers
Levels Schools Boys Girls Total Males Females Total
Pre-Primary 29089 496406 450872 947278 - - -
Primary 31655 2446728 2453935 4900663 92710 60826 153536
lower Secondary 11341 818063 786359 1604422 30321 9938 40259
Secondary 6928 410522 379826 790348 24581 4528 29109
Total 32130* 4171719 4070992 8242711 147612 75292 222904

*Since a school with more than a level is also counted separately for a different levels, the total number of the school isn't equal.

Students in Higher Secondary Level, 2066 BS

Development Region Boys Girls Total
Eastern 28793 36344 65137
Central 42117 44786 86903
Western 32004 37107 69021
Mid-Western 19434 14718 34252
Far-western 14306 10928 25234
Total 136654 143793 280447

Students in Tribhuvan University, 2066 BS

Faculties Certificate Bachelor's Master's M Phill PhD Others Total
Engineering 2799 2474 223 - 17 - 5513
Agriculture and Animal Science - 704 154 - 2 - 860
Medical Science 741 900 314 - - - 1955
Forestry 173 248 53 - 10 - 484
Science and Technology 5662 9720 1581 - 103 - 17066
Law - 2242 100 - 5 - 2347
Management 7940 22922 8154 166 12 - 39194
Education 12062 26074 5300 118 14 - 43568
Humanities 19076 24247 13267 - 42 4816 61448
Total 48453 89531 29146 384 205 4816 172435

School Education in Nepal is also not well-structured. So some substantial changes have been recommended by several studies.

Structure of present School education

Pre-Primary Level Primary Level Lower secondary Level Secondary Level Higher secondary Level
One year's studies Class 1-5 Class 6-8 Class 9-10 Class 11-12
Things to remember
  • Education provides skilled manpower needed in all the areas for development,
  • Education is often taken as the first and the foremost infrastructure of the development.
  • Aims of education are to learn to solve our own problems, to be able to use multiple languages, and to be able to change society.
  • The structure of present School education includes Pre-Primary Level-One year’s studies, Primary Level-Class 1-5, Lower secondary Level-Class 6-8, Secondary Level-Class 9-10 and Higher secondary Level-Class 11-12.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers

The purposes of studying social studies are listed below:

  • To know about our social problems and solutions.
  • To be able to respond to the geopolitical changes and the needs of the country.
  • To train students to be socially responsible, environmentally friendly, politically well- informed and individually honest.
  • To know about the history, natural resources and beyond the earth.

The education in Nepal has not developed well. There are lots of problem regarding education in Nepal. Some of the problems and their solutions are listed below:


  • People are still not aware about the value of education in Nepal.
  • Facilities of education of higher education are far from enough.
  • Technical education is highly limited and provided by very few educational institutes.
  • Poor people cannot afford good education.


  • Government should provide free education to poor people in rural areas.
  • Women literacy should be encouraged.
  • Awareness programs should be conducted so that the people understand the importance of education.
  • New technologies should be implemented in order to modernize education.
Between the two structures, I prefer the present structure of school education because in this structure the classes are divided into different levels according to their age group and their ability to study. The previous CDC proposed structure was divided only into three levels due to which education was complicated.

I have studied the data of several countries and came to know that the literacy percentage of Nepal is the lowest. To make the literacy rate of Nepal 100%, it should launch the programs as follows:

  • Free and compulsory education for all.
  • Education should be declared as human rights.
  • Awareness programs should be conducted for increasing enrolment.
  • Special education for disabled, women, children, old and adult.
  • Equal management of education in all parts of the country.
  • End of discrimination in education.

Although the major number in dropouts is due to the poverty, some number can be seen due to the house works and agricultural works. In their dropout, the parents are less attentive. Sometimes corporal punishment has also made students to leave school. Bulling is also the cause of dropouts. Failure, unstable school environment, smuggling, bad company, early marriage etc are also the other reasons for dropouts.
It can be solved by motivation in education, awareness program, respect to education, scholarship, equal opportunities, guarantee to run livelihood to the poor family.

The condition of Nepal is very poor. Till 2007, literacy rate was only 2%. Now it has been 57%. The education system is still traditional. Lecture method is prevalent for teaching which lacks practical education. Theoretical education is very common. The exam system is based on only written test. Anyhow, education is increasing our literacy rate and providing certificate to students. The benefits we can get from education are listed below:

  • We can get knowledge from different sectors.
  • We can get employment.
  • We can create job for ourselves.
  • We can distinguish right from wrong and good from bad.
  • We can give lots of services to others, society and nation, etc.

In my opinion, to learn to solve problems is the main aim of education. The other aims of education are:

  • To be able to produce creative works,
  • To be industrious and self-reliant,
  • To develop a sense of co-operation and responsibility,
  • To be proficient in linguistic behavior,
  • To help enhance economic development,
  • To learn to work in a group,
  • To raise one's lifestyle and prestige in society,
  • To be competent,
  • To bring changes in society,
  • To be capable of taking right decisions,
  • To develop the habit of learning new things.
The following are the reasons for efficient role of government for the improvement of the condition of women in our country:
  • Family's negligence to women in our country.
  • Unsuccessful government policy, and
  • Women's laziness to go to school and participate in literacy class.
The following are the suggestions to the government for the improvement of the condition of the women in our country:
  • Government should provide equal and appropriate opportunity to women.
  • Government should establish more number of schools and colleges for girls and increase literacy rate of women, too.
  • Government should formulate rules, regulations and laws favoring women to uplift their state. Women should be provided with special training for the general and technical efficiency and employment opportunity accordingly.

The reasons for pass percentage of private schools students is higher than the public school students are:

  • Because students of private schools are given more attention and guidance by the teachers regarding their studies and discipline.
  • Students of private schools are provided with more educational materials with proper standard.
  • Students of private schools get better environment with more standard teaching methods and laborious teachers.

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