Subject: Social Studies
Human being are the most important resources of the countries. But they must be firstly educated to utilize available means and resources to an optimum level. It is the education that makes people conscious, disciplined and productive. Educated people know the importance of their health and the need for nation development as well. Besides, educated people are more knowledgeable and make a better voting choice to help maintain good governance. Since education provides the skilled manpower needed in all the areas for development, it is often taken as the first and the foremost infrastructure of the development.
A good education includes both academic and technical education.
The education is very important and here are some reasons for being educated:
Education in Nepal was long based on Homeschooling and Gurukul.The first formal school was established in 1853 but was intended to the elites. Education in Nepal is not that developed. English education in Nepal started in 1910 BS with the establishment of Durbar High School in Kathmandu during the Rana rule. There were only 321 schools and colleges in 2007 BS. When compared to the number of school going children, the number of schools were very low. Even those provided were not evenly distributed and properly managed. Facilities of higher education are also far from enough. Technical education is highly limited, provided by very few educational institutions. It is difficult to find jobs according to qualification. Above all, the general public is still not aware of the value of education and poor people cannot afford a good education.
According to the tenth census, average literacy rate had increased to 54% where women's was only 42%. Study these figures:
School Education, 2066 BS
*Since a school with more than a level is also counted separately for a different levels, the total number of the school isn't equal.
Students in Higher Secondary Level, 2066 BS
Students in Tribhuvan University, 2066 BS
|Agriculture and Animal Science||-||704||154||-||2||-||860|
|Science and Technology||5662||9720||1581||-||103||-||17066|
School Education in Nepal is also not well-structured. So some substantial changes have been recommended by several studies.
Structure of present School education
|Pre-Primary Level||Primary Level||Lower secondary Level||Secondary Level||Higher secondary Level|
|One year's studies||Class 1-5||Class 6-8||Class 9-10||Class 11-12|
The purposes of studying social studies are listed below:
The education in Nepal has not developed well. There are lots of problem regarding education in Nepal. Some of the problems and their solutions are listed below:
I have studied the data of several countries and came to know that the literacy percentage of Nepal is the lowest. To make the literacy rate of Nepal 100%, it should launch the programs as follows:
Although the major number in dropouts is due to the poverty, some number can be seen due to the house works and agricultural works. In their dropout, the parents are less attentive. Sometimes corporal punishment has also made students to leave school. Bulling is also the cause of dropouts. Failure, unstable school environment, smuggling, bad company, early marriage etc are also the other reasons for dropouts.
It can be solved by motivation in education, awareness program, respect to education, scholarship, equal opportunities, guarantee to run livelihood to the poor family.
The condition of Nepal is very poor. Till 2007, literacy rate was only 2%. Now it has been 57%. The education system is still traditional. Lecture method is prevalent for teaching which lacks practical education. Theoretical education is very common. The exam system is based on only written test. Anyhow, education is increasing our literacy rate and providing certificate to students. The benefits we can get from education are listed below:
In my opinion, to learn to solve problems is the main aim of education. The other aims of education are:
The reasons for pass percentage of private schools students is higher than the public school students are:
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