Wildlife Reserves , Conservation Area and Watershed

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Overview

This note provides an information about Wildlife Reserves , Conservation Area and Watershed of Nepal.
Wildlife Reserves , Conservation Area and Watershed

Wildlife Reserves

Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
The Shuklaphanta wildlife reserve is located in Kanchanpur district of Mahakali zone in far western development region. It covers 155 sq. km. area. It was established in 2032 BS. This place is covered with forest of sal, simal, khayer, sissam, catechu and is full of grassland. Wild boar, tiger, bear, leopard, wilder, swamp deer, stag, chital etc. are some of the wild animals found in this reserves. Many of the major species of crocodiles are found in the Rani Lake and other small lakes here.


Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserves
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife reserve was established in 2032 BS. The area of this reserve is 175 sq. km. There are various types of plants like Sissam and Khayer in this reserve. This reserve is famous for different kinds of rare birds like different species of ducks, two kinds of lalsar and other species of cranes, flamingos and storks. Similarly, aquatic animals such as crocodiles, alligators and various types of fishes are available here.


Shivapuri Watershed Area and Wildlife Reserve
Shivapuri Watershed Area and Wildlife Reserve was established in 2033 BS. in the kathmandu district of central development region. It has 144 sq. km of area. It is estimated that there are 129 species of mushroom, 150 species of butterfly, 9 species of birds and 19 species of mammals. Tourists come to this place for recreational and trekking.


Parsa wildlife Reserve
This reserve was established in the year 2040 BS. It covers an area of 499 sq. km. area and touches the borders of chitwan, makwanpur, parsa and bara districts of the Narayani zone in the central development region. The major animals found in this wildlife reserve are tigers, elephant, tigers, leopards, stags and bears.


Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
The Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is located in Rukum district of Rapti zone in the mid-western development region. It covers some parts of Baglung and Myagdi districts of Dhaulagiri zone in the western development region. It covers an area of 1325 sq. km. Hunters are issued license for hunting animals like naul, jharal, thar, himali bhalu found in this region.

Conservation Area

The famous conservation areas of Nepal are as follows:

Annapurna Conservation Area
This area was established in 2043 BS. It has an area of 7629 sq. km. It is located in the northwest of Pokhara in the western development region. It ranges from about 1000 to 8000 meters altitude. It has 1226 species of plant, 101 species of mammals including snow leopard, musk deer, Tibetan wolf, 478 species of birds, 22 species of the amphibians and 9 species of rhododendron.


Kanchenjunga Conservation Area
This conservation area was established in 2054 BS. This is situated in the north-east part of Nepal. It has an area of 1650 sq. km. This conservation area is the natural habitat of many endangered wild animal. Similarly, the various kinds of vegetations such as Himali larch, gobresalla, dhupisalla, gurans, etc are found in this area. Among the 30 kinds of rhododendron (gurans), 24 are found here. In the same way, different kinds of wild animals like snow leopard, musk deer, himali black bears, wolfs, nauru, ghora etc are inhabit in this area.


Manaslu Conservation Area
This conservation area was established in 2055 BS. It is extended up to the northern part of Gorkha district. Its area is 1663 sq. km. The aim of this area is to protect flora and fauna of the mountain region. About 18.9 % of the land is the land is covered for national parks and conservation area. Similarly, the concept of the buffer zone is also good attempt.

Water Resources and Watersheds

Nepal is the second riches country in the world for the water resources. The water resources is one of the main natural resources of Nepal. It is used for generating electricity, irrigation, drinking water domestic work etc.Water is also used as medium of transportation.The proper utilization of water resources helps maintain the environment clean and green.
There are different sources of water in our country such as rain water, flowing water, underground water and stagnant water. Rivers are the main sources of water in Nepal.

Proper utilization of water helps to promote our agricultural production, collection and drainage of water is called watershed. The main watershed areas are Karnali, Gandaki and Koshi. Similarly, the tributaries of these rivers make sub-watersheds and micro-watersheds. The path of many rivers meet at some point called watershed.
Conservation and promotion of watershed areas helps reduce the calamities like flood, landslide, soil erosion etc. Conservation of watersheds helps balance the Eco-system. As a result, it conserves the natural resources and helps conserve the environmental balance too.

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Things to remember
  • The Shuklaphanta wildlife reserve is located in Kanchanpur district of Mahakali zone in far western development region.
  • The Koshi Tappu Wildlife reserve was established in 2032 BS.
  • Shivapuri Watershed Area and Wildlife Reserve was established in 2033 BS.
  • Parsa wildlife reserve was established in the year 2040 BS.
  • The Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is located in Rukum district of Rapti zone in the mid-western development region.
  • Annapurna conservation area was established in 2043 BS.
  • Kanchenjunga conservation area was established in 2054 BS.
  • Manaslu Conservation Area was established in 2055 BS.
  • Proper utilization of water helps to promote our agricultural production, collection and drainage of water is called watershed.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers

During the rapid population growth forest area has been decreasing in our country.

The national park and wildlife reserve are set up for the conservation of wildlife and forest resources.

Wildlife reserve of our country are:

  • Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
  • Koshi TappuWildlife Reserve
  • Shivapuri Watershed Area and Wildlife Reserve
  • Parsa Wildlife Reserve
  • Dhorpatan Wildlife Reserve

The Koshi Tappu Wildlife reserve was established in 2032 BS.

The famous conservation area of Nepal are:

  • Annupurna Conservation Area
  • Kanchanjunga Conservation Area
  • Manasalu Conservation Area

A national park is a dwelling place for wild creatures.Such parks also conserve the soil and vegetation.The main objective of national park is to preserve the natural resources.It conserve water, wetland, river and lakes.It keeps the environment beautiful and clean.

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