Wildlife Reserves , Conservation Area and Watershed
Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
The Shuklaphanta wildlife reserve is located in Kanchanpur district of Mahakali zone in far western development region. It covers 155 sq. km. area. It was established in 2032 BS. This place is covered with forest of sal, simal, khayer, sissam, catechu and is full of grassland. Wild boar, tiger, bear, leopard, wilder, swamp deer, stag, chital etc. are some of the wild animals found in this reserves. Many of the major species of crocodiles are found in the Rani Lake and other small lakes here.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserves
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife reserve was established in 2032 BS. The area of this reserve is 175 sq. km. There are various types of plants like Sissam and Khayer in this reserve. This reserve is famous for different kinds of rare birds like different species of ducks, two kinds of lalsar and other species of cranes, flamingos and storks. Similarly, aquatic animals such as crocodiles, alligators and various types of fishes are available here. Shivapuri Watershed Area and Wildlife Reserve
Shivapuri Watershed Area and Wildlife Reserve was established in 2033 BS. in the kathmandu district of central development region. It has 144 sq. km of area. It is estimated that there are 129 species of mushroom, 150 species of butterfly, 9 species of birds and 19 species of mammals. Tourists come to this place for recreational and trekking.Parsa wildlife Reserve
This reserve was established in the year 2040 BS. It covers an area of 499 sq. km. area and touches the borders of chitwan, makwanpur, parsa and bara districts of the Narayani zone in the central development region. The major animals found in this wildlife reserve are tigers, elephant, tigers, leopards, stags and bears.
Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve
The Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve is located in Rukum district of Rapti zone in the mid-western development region. It covers some parts of Baglung and Myagdi districts of Dhaulagiri zone in the western development region. It covers an area of 1325 sq. km. Hunters are issued license for hunting animals like naul, jharal, thar, himali bhalu found in this region.
The famous conservation areas of Nepal are as follows:
Annapurna Conservation Area
This area was established in 2043 BS. It has an area of 7629 sq. km. It is located in the northwest of Pokhara in the western development region. It ranges from about 1000 to 8000 meters altitude. It has 1226 species of plant, 101 species of mammals including snow leopard, musk deer, Tibetan wolf, 478 species of birds, 22 species of the amphibians and 9 species of rhododendron.
Kanchenjunga Conservation Area
This conservation area was established in 2054 BS. This is situated in the north-east part of Nepal. It has an area of 1650 sq. km. This conservation area is the natural habitat of many endangered wild animal. Similarly, the various kinds of vegetations such as Himali larch, gobresalla, dhupisalla, gurans, etc are found in this area. Among the 30 kinds of rhododendron (gurans), 24 are found here. In the same way, different kinds of wild animals like snow leopard, musk deer, himali black bears, wolfs, nauru, ghora etc are inhabit in this area.
Manaslu Conservation Area
This conservation area was established in 2055 BS. It is extended up to the northern part of Gorkha district. Its area is 1663 sq. km. The aim of this area is to protect flora and fauna of the mountain region. About 18.9 % of the land is the land is covered for national parks and conservation area. Similarly, the concept of the buffer zone is also good attempt.
Water Resources and Watersheds
Nepal is the second riches country in the world for the water resources. The water resources is one of the main natural resources of Nepal. It is used for generating electricity, irrigation, drinking water domestic work etc.Water is also used as medium of transportation.The proper utilization of water resources helps maintain the environment clean and green.
There are different sources of water in our country such as rain water, flowing water, underground water and stagnant water. Rivers are the main sources of water in Nepal.
Proper utilization of water helps to promote our agricultural production, collection and drainage of water is called watershed. The main watershed areas are Karnali, Gandaki and Koshi. Similarly, the tributaries of these rivers make sub-watersheds and micro-watersheds. The path of many rivers meet at some point called watershed.
Conservation and promotion of watershed areas helps reduce the calamities like flood, landslide, soil erosion etc. Conservation of watersheds helps balance the Eco-system. As a result, it conserves the natural resources and helps conserve the environmental balance too.