Nepal is a landlocked country. The total area of Nepal is 1, 47, 181 sq. km. According to the climatic conditions different types of vegetation are found in Nepal. The lands and forests of our country have been separated into National Parks, Wildlife Reserves and Conservation areas since 2029 BS. That has helped for the conservation of animals, forests, birds, natural resources like high snowy peaks, lakes and other religious places.
Changing structures of natural resources
The usable things created by nature without any investment and efforts of human beings are called natural resources. Land, water, minerals, wildlife air etc are some examples of major natural resources. The population of Nepal has increased rapidly at the rate of plus or minus 2% per years for last 4 decades. It is necessary to increase the production of the country to meet the growing needs of increasing population. Natural resources have been over exploited due to the expansion of physical development like health, education, transportation, communication, drinking water, clothing, housing etc.
The rapid growth of population has increased pressure on the nature. It has helped to increase the destruction of forests, soil erosion and water pollution. Realizing the importance of natural heritage, the government has established some national parks and wildlife reserves for the conservation of wildlife and natural properties.
A national park of a conserved area is a dwelling place for wild creatures. Such parks also conserve the soil and vegetation. The main objective of protecting a national park is to preserve the natural environment.
Chitwan National park
The chitwan National Park was established in 2030 BS. This is the first national park of the country. It covers 932 sq km area. It lies in the plain area of mid-south region of the inner Terai. This national park touches or covers parts of chitwan, parsa and makwanpur districts of Narayani zone of central development region. There are about 30 species of big animals, more than 400 kinds of birds aout 100 species of fishes and reptiles. Similarly, ghariyal, crocodiles, alligators, pythons and insects are also found here. This park is a habitat for the species of deer like chital, ratua and longuna.
Sagarmatha National Park
The Sagarmatha national park was established in 2032 BS. It lies in Solukhumbu district of Khumbu region.It covers 1,148 sq. km. area. Many famous places of the world are in this region highest peak of the world Sagarmatha and many other high mountains like Lhoste, Pumoori, Amadablam, Nuptse, Thamserku etc. Many animals like lophophorous, chilive, kaliz, showcock,and lalchuchche are found in this park.
Langtang National park
The langtang national park was established in 2032 BS. It lies in Rasuwa, Nuwakot and Sindhupalchowk districts of Bagmati zone and touches the boarder of China. In this national park, we find leopard, red pandas, musk deer, red monkeys, thar, ghoral, langur and many species of wild animals. It is famous for variuos types of trees such as sal, khotesalla, lauthalla, gobresalla, khashu, and rhododendron.One of the famous places 'Won Po' a monastery of Tibetan religion, is also located in this park.
Rara National Park
The national park lies in Mugu and Jumla districts of Karnali zone of the Himalayan region. It was established in 2032 BS. It covers 106 sq km area. The biggest Rara Lake also lies in this national park which is famous in Nepal. The Chuchemara peak lies in the south and the Run Kandha and Malika Kandha peaks in the north. Various kinds of wild animals like bears, musk deer, boars, thar, and ghoral are found in this national park.
Bardia National Park
The Bardiya national park was established in 2032 BS, which lies in Bardia district of mid-western development region. It covers some parts of the Karnali river. Vaious types of wild animals like tigers, leopards, antelpes, stages, spotted deer, languna deer, basking deer, elephants etc are found in this park. Different aqutic animals such as ghariyal, crocodiles, dolphin and many other species of fish are also found in this region.
Shey Phoksundo National Park
The Shey Phoksundo National Park is the largest national park of Nepal. It was established in 2040 BS. Its area is 3555 sq. km. It is locatted in Dolpa and Mugu districts of Karnali zone. Snow leopards,Tibetan rabbit, naur and other various kinds of himalayan wild animals are tha major animals of this national park. Some snowy ranges such as Kanjerowa south Sikalpokhang, Bajchuchuro are also located in this national park.
Khaptad National Park
The Khaptad national park was established in 2040 BS. It lies in Bajhang, Bajura, Doti and Achham districts of Seti zone. It has 225 sq. km area. In this national park, we find leopard, wharsu, nigalo, musk deer, red monkeys, thar, ghoral, langur and many species of wild animals. Some holy places of hindu religion like Tribeni, Khaptad daha, Sahastraling etc are located here. Khaptad Baba had made this national park his dwelling place, which has also helped in conserving this park.
Makalu Barun National Park and Conservation Area
The Makalu Barun National Park has an area of 1500 sq. km and the Makalu Barun conservation area has an area of 830 sq km. The various kinds of flowers and plants in the conservation area. Hundreds of species of sungabha flowers and 48 species of wild roses and 25 species of flowering plants out of total 30 species found in Nepal. This areas is the habitat of some endangered wild animals like thar, snow leopard, black bears and ghoral. It is estimated that nearly 400 species of birds are found in this area.
What is the total area of Nepal?
The total area of Nepal is 1, 47, 181 sq. km
What is the main objective of protecting a national park?
The main objective of protecting a national park is to preserve the natural environment.
Which is the first national park of our country?
Chitwan National park is the first national park of our country Nepal.
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