Cultural Heritage

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This note provide information about Our Cultural Heritage and more.
Cultural Heritage

Changing Structure of Cultural Heritage

Every society has some special types of conception, custom, beliefs and altitudes. The lifestyle of the society is its culture. The culture is formed by man's knowledge, art, literature, religion and philosophy. The ancient religious books, different rituals of life, feasts and festivals, songs and housing styles and religious books comes under the religious and cultural heritage. Nowadays different organisations are working for the conservation of our chaityas, temples, gumbas and monastries.
Many statues and artifacts from the temple are being stolen. Religious places have lost their religious and cultural value.
People have encroached on the public places. It has decreased the charm of that particular heritage. The people from young generation are getting attracted towards western culture rather than their own culture.

World Heritage of Nepal
UNESCO has enlisted the important natural and cultural heritages of Nepal in the list of world heritage. Some culture heritages of Nepal such as Durbar squares of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur, Swayambhunath temple, Maha-Budhha Stupa, pashupatinath temple and Changunarayan have been included in the list of the world heritage.

Kathmadu Durbar Square (Hanumandhoka Durbar Square)
The kathmandu Durbar Square is situated in the heart of kathmandu with a chauk full of cultural, ancient crafts and drawings and handicrafts. There is a Marusattal, made from only one tree. It is also called kasthamandap. It was made by an artist in the period of king Laxminarasimha Malla, from a single sal tree.


Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square is an example for cultural and ancient crafts, drawings and handicrafts. Fifty five windowed durbar, golden gates, the statue of Bhupetendra Malla, Built during Malla regime and the five-storyed temple built by king Bhupitendra Malla are found in this city. Besides, the Dattatreya temple, Sundhara and ponds, etcs. are the examples of artistic work which has made the city worth seeing.
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Patan Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square is situated st the heart of the Patan and is surrounded by ancient places, temples and shrines, which are noted for their exquisite carvings. This durbar consists of three main courtyards or chowks called Mulchowk, Sundari chowk and keshav Narayan chowk. The sundari chowk has a master piece of stone architecture, the royal bath called Tushahity in its centre. Krishna Temple is supposed to be the first specimen of the Shikhara architecture. It is a gorgeous temple having 21 spires and is completely made of stone.
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Swayambhunath
The word Swayambhu means 'self created'. It is said that Swayambhu appeared itself as a beam of light over a lotus flower. It is regarded as God Jyotirupa. It is said to be about 2000 years old. The all seeing eyes of lord Buddha are on the four sides of the spire bases. Swayambhu site is situated on a hillock about 77 m high from the ground level. Swayambhu chaita and concealment of the Swayambhu Jyotirupa appeared.They were Vairochana, Akshobhaya, Ratan Sambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhe.


Boudhanath
This is an important religious place for the buddhists. It is 7 km far in north east of kathmandu. It is built in pagoda style with the all seeing eyes of Buddha just above the dome watching in all four directions. In the dome shaped structure, the holy relics of the Buddha or some venerated teachers or lamas are believed to be kept preserved. In all the stupa there are prayer wheels with mantra 'Om Mani Padme Hum'.


Pashupatinath Temple
It is one of the holiest spots for the hindus situated about 4 km east of the kathmandu. The Lichechchavi kings had laid Shiva linga into the temple. After that, the Malla king made it beautiful and attractive by adding golden roof and silver doors Other many famous temples of gods and goddesses surround the main temple. People from different places and cultures even from other countries come to this temple in Shivaratri. The Guheshwari and Jayabageshwari temples lies close to this temple.Pashupatinath Kshetra Bikas Kosh is contributing for its protection, promotion and development.


Changu Narayan Temple

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This is the oldest temple which is situated 4 km far from Bhaktapur and 13 km far from kathmandu. This temple was built by king Vishnu Hari Datta Vema in 325 AD. The temple is famous for its design, structure and architecture. It is one of the glorious examples of the splendors of the golden days of the lichchhavi period.



Lumbini

Lumbini is the most sacred place for Buddhists and it is one of the most glorious spots for different countries because Shakyamuni was born here in 623 BC. This place lies 1 km west of siddharthanagar in Rupandhehi district of the limbini zone. Mayadevi gave birth to the siddhartha on the way to her mother's home in Deudaha on the full moon day of Baishakh. In 249 BC king Ashoka visited here and the stone pillar was created to commemorate the birth of lord Buddha.




Things to remember
  • The culture is formed by man's knowledge, art, literature, religion and philosophy.
  • Some culture heritages of Nepal such as Durbar squares of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur, Swayambhunath temple, Maha-Budhha Stupa, pashupatinath temple and Changunarayan have been included in the list of the world heritage.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers

The world heritage of Nepal are as follow:

  • Kathmandu Durbar Square
  • Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  • Patan Durbar Square
  • Swayambhunath
  • Boudhanath
  • Pashupatinath Temple
  • ChanguNarayan Temple
  • Lumbini

World heritage has contributed a lot to the development of our country Nepal. Many tourists visit Nepal for visiting this heritage. They know Nepal in the name of our heritage. They came to visit and spend the lot of money to visit this heritage. The money they spend to visit heritage can be spent in the development work of the country. Hence, it is one of the sources of income for our country government.

The statement is true"Cultural heritages should be preserved and developed".I fully support to this statement. We should think about the development of cultural heritage.

Cultural heritage is our pride. We should not let it to destroy. We should think about the preservation of our cultural heritages. We should preserve and develop them. Development of cultural heritage help to develop a nation. Cultural heritage has contributed a lot to the development of our country Nepal. Many tourists visit Nepal for visiting this heritage. They know Nepal in the name of our heritage. They came to visit and spend the lot of money to visit this heritage. The money they spend to visit heritage can be spent in the development work of the country. Hence, it is one of the sources of income for our country government. Thus, we should preserve and develop cultural heritage.

Kathmandu is called "the home of gods and goddesses" because many temples is situated in Kathmandu.

Lumbini is the most sacred place for Buddhists and it is one of the most glorious spots for different countries because Shakyamuni was born here in 623 BC. This place lies 1 km west of siddharthanagar in Rupandhehi district of the limbini zone. Mayadevi gave birth to the siddhartha on the way to her mother's home in Deudaha on the full moon day of Baishakh. In 249 BC king Ashoka visited here and the stone pillar was created to commemorate the birth of lord Buddha.

It is one of the holiest spots for the hindus situated about 4 km east of the kathmandu. The Lichechchavi kings had laid Shiva linga into the temple. After that, the Malla king made it beautiful and attractive by adding golden roof and silver doors Other many famous temples of gods and goddesses surround the main temple. People from different places and cultures even from other countries come to this temple in Shivaratri. The Guheshwari and Jayabageshwari temples lies close to this temple.

The word Swayambhu means 'self-created'. It is said that Swayambhu appeared itself as a beam of light over a lotus flower. It is regarded as God Jyotirupa. It is said to be about 2000 years old. The all seeing eyes of lord Buddha are on the four sides of the spire bases. Swayambhu site is situated on a hillock about 77 m high from the ground level. Swayambhu chaita and concealment of the Swayambhu Jyotirupa appeared.They were Vairochana, Akshobhaya, Ratan Sambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhe.

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