Measures for Environmental Conservation and Promotion

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Overview

This note provides an information about the measures for environmental conservation and promotion.
Measures for Environmental Conservation and Promotion

Our environment is deteriorating day by day due to the careless and irresponsible activities of human beings. The environmental factors should be managed properly for the conservation and promotion of environment. Environment is our public property. Some important programmes like public awareness, tree protection, conservation of forest, environmental sanitation, public campaign, protection and promotion of the cultural heritages, etc should be organised. Some of the important measures for the conservation of our environment are given below:

Public awareness


Environment conservation will not be possible when all people don't know the meaning and importance of environment. The steps taken by the government are not sufficient to keep the environment fresh, clean, green and beautiful. For the conservation and promotion of environment, public participation is considered to be very important.

Conscious and responsible people can understand the adverse effects of over population on the environment and can participate in environmental conservation programme. We should conduct many formal and informal programmes to raise public awareness about population and environment. Important programmes like public notice and information, seminars, training etc can help raise public awareness, which helps not only to control the population growth but also to conserve environment.

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Afforestation


Forest is one of the important natural resources. We can get many things like fuel, timber, wood, grass etc from it. Naked slopes and bushes are found in large area in our country. Plantation of trees in the naked slopes has helped a lot in the work of forest conservation and promotion. Government should promote community forest so that the consumers are supplied with the forest so that the consumers are supplied with the forest products like timber, firewood, grass etc. After the plantation of trees, it is necessary to supervise, protect and conserve them.

Conservation of forest resources


Conservation of forest is necessary for the protection of wildlife. There is a slogan 'The green forest is the wealth of Nepal'. So, the forest is the wealth of the nation. The excessive use of forest resources badly affects the natural process disturbing the regeneration of the forest. The forest areas were not used so excessively during that period. Due to rapid population growth, people started clearing the forest and its production. Government has launched many programmes for conservation and utilization of forest resources. The 2049 BS act grouped forest into seven categories.

National forest

The national forest covers a broad area. Except private forest, all the forest of Nepal with or without boundary is called national forest. Its main objective is to conserve wildlife.

Government managed forest

The forest which is managed by government is called government managed forest. Nepal government, organizations, industries and companies can manage this type of forest. The main objective of this forest is to produce grass, firewood, timber etc.

The reserved forest

The government can manage separately any part of the national forest having environmental, scientific and cultural importance known as the reserved forest. The main objective of this forest is to protect wildlife, water sources, biological diversity and other important places.

Leasehold forest

The forest which is entrusted to an industry, community or organization according to forest law is called leasehold or bounded forest. Its main objective is to involve the private sector in the forest conservation programme.

Community forest

When a local forest is handed to an identified forest consumer group of the local community for its management is known as community forest. The aims of this forest are to make people cultivate the habitat of conservation, promotion and proper utilization of Forest according to the forest law of Nepal.

Religious forest

This type of forest is managed by the religious organization. The national forest which is entrusted to the religious organizations, community or groups is called religious forest. It develops the forest around the religious places.

Private forest

According to the present law, the forest grown or conserved in the private land by any person is known as private forest. The individual can get sapling free of cost from the local forest nursery. Its main aim is to enable individuals to grow, preserve and utilize the forest in their own land.

Things to remember
  • The environmental factors should be managed properly for the conservation and promotion of environment.
  • The steps taken by the government are not sufficient to keep the environment fresh, clean, green and beautiful.
  • Plantation of trees in the naked slopes has helped a lot in the work of forest conservation and promotion.
  • There is a slogan 'The green forest is the wealth of Nepal'.
  • The 2049 BS act grouped forest into following types
  • national forest
  • the reserved forest
  • leasehold forest
  • community forest
  • religious forest
  • private forest
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers

Some of the important measures for the conservation of our environment are given below:

Public awareness

Environment conservation will not be possible when all people don't know the meaning and importance of environment. The steps taken by the government are not sufficient to keep the environment fresh, clean, green and beautiful. For the conservation and promotion of environment, public participation is considered to be very important.Conscious and responsible people can understand the adverse effects of over population on the environment and can participate in environmental conservation programme. We should conduct many formal and informal programmes to raise public awareness about population and environment. Important programmes like public notice and information, seminars, training etc can help raise public awareness, which helps not only to control the population growth but also to conserve environment.

Afforestation

Forest is one of the important natural resources. We can get many things like fuel, timber, wood, grass etc from it. Naked slopes and bushes are found in large area in our country. Plantation of trees in the naked slopes has helped a lot in the work of forest conservation and promotion.Conservation of forest is necessary for the protection of wildlife. There is a slogan 'The green forest is the wealth of Nepal'. So, the forest is the wealth of the nation. The excessive use of forest resources badly affects the natural process disturbing the regeneration of the forest.

The type of forest are as follow:

  1. National forest
  2. Government forest
  3. The reserved forest
  4. Leasehold forest
  5. Community forest
  6. Religious forest
  7. Private forest

Religious forest

This type of forest is managed by the religious organization. The national forest which is entrusted to the religious organizations, community or groups is called religious forest. It develops the forest around the religious places.

Private forest

According to the present law, the forest grown or conserved in the private land by any person is known as private forest. The individual can get sapling free of cost from the local forest nursery. Its main aim is to enable individuals to grow, preserve and utilize the forest in their own land.

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