Major Plants and Animals of Nepal

Subject: Miscellaneous

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Overview

This is the note prepared on the topic of living beings which contains information about cryptograms, phanerogams, thallophytes, Pteridophytes, gymnosperm and angiosperm. Different living organisms are classified into vertebrates and invertebrates organisms.
Major Plants and Animals of Nepal



Geographically Nepal extends 800 km from east to west in length and 200 km from north to south in width. The total area of Nepal is approximately 1, 47,181 s. q. km. About 73% of the total land is covered by the hills, mountains and the Himalayas. The plains of terai and inner and inner cover about 27% of the total land of Nepal. Nepal has all kinds of landscape and climates. The climate changes according to altitude. Different kinds of flora and fauna are found at different altitude in Nepal. The geographical structure of Nepal can be divided into three regions, they are:

  1. Terai and Bhawar Region
  2. Mountain Region and
  3. Himalayan Region

Terai Region:

The terai region has got hot climate. The soil is more fertile. Generally tall and timber producing trees Sal, Sissoo, Simal, Khayar, Asna, Karma, etc. are found. Besides these, tall trees, tall grasses like saccharum and Typha popularly known as jhari are also found in this region. The tropical forest and grasses provides habitat for many wild life like elephant, tiger, leopard, rhino, deer, swamp deer, etc. Timber are used for many purposes and grass plants are used as the raw materials for paper industry.

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Mountain Region:

This region has mountains. It contains a narrow strips of low land with river banks and big valley like Kathmandu, Pokhara and Surkhet. It lies between 1500 m to 3000 m. In this region, the climate is cool, humid and pleasant and hence in general the climate is temperate. Different types of trees and herbs are found in this region according to climate. The important trees found in this region are Kattus, Okhar, Salla, Utis, Baanj, Chilawune, Guraans, Oak, Paiyan, Deodar, Chaani.

Himalayan Region:

The Himalayan region lies in the north of the central mountain which extends from 2500 to 5000 m. Most of the peaks of this region are covered with snow. The climate of this region is cold and snowy in winter. Most of the trees are found only up to 400 m while the grass and other vegetation like shrubs are found up to 4500 m. The important trees of this region are Leksallo, Thegure, Gobre Sallo, Dhupisallo, Devder, Elma, Malpe, etc.

Things to remember
  • Nepal extends 800 km from east to west in length and 200 km from north to south in width.
  • Total area of Nepal is approximately 1, 47,181 s. q. km.
  • 73% of the total land is covered by the hills
  • Nepal has all kinds of landscape and climates.
  • Geographical structure of Nepal can be divided into three regions, they are:
  • Terai and Bhawar Region
  • Mountain Region and
  • Himalayan Region
  • Major national parks are:
  • Royal Chitwan National park
  • Sagarmatha National park
  • Lantang National park
  • Rara National park
  • She- Phoskundo National park
  • Bardiya National park
  • Makalu National park
  • Khaptad National park
  • Parsa Wildlife reserve
  • Dhor patan Wildlife reserve
  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife reserve
  • Makalu Barun Conservation rea
  • Annapurna Conservation Area
  • Makalu National park
  • Royal Shukia Phant Wildlife reserve
  • Shivapuri Watershed and Wildlife reserve
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
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Questions and Answers
The total area of Nepal is 1,47,181 sq.km.
The geographical structure of Nepal is divided into three regions. They are Himalayan Region, Hilly Region and Terai Region.
The important trees found in himalayan region of Nepal are: Leksallo (Pinus wallichii), Thegure sallo (Tsuga brunoniana), Devdar (Cedrus deodara), Larch (Larix sps.) and Maple (Acer Compbellii).
The Terai region of Nepal has hot temperate climate.
The important trees found in hilly region of Nepal are: Katus (Castanopis indica), Okhar (walnut- Juglans regia), Salla (Pinus species), Uttis (Alnus nepalensis) and Oak (Quercus species).
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