Education is one of the greatest qualities of man which separates it from other animals. Education develops ability in man and makes him competitive in today's modern world. Education provides the power too distinguish what is right and what is wrong. So, education is a major factor of a man's success.
Education is not limited in a single individual. It has equal importance for a country. Education is the source of skilled manpower that is responsible for lifting the country towards development. It makes the citizens aware regarding their rights and duties towards the nation.
Education in Nepal
In the past, education was given orally. The father of a family taught his son about his duties and the rules of the community. After this type of education, the Gurukul system of education came where education was provided by Gurus in his ashram. The Brahmins studied the Vedas, Upanishads, astrology and the science of rituals. The Chhetris learned how to conduct administration and art of warfare. Buddhist monks studied in gumba or vihar.
Modern education in Nepal was introduced by Rana Prime minister Jung Bahadur Rana after his visit to Britain. He brought two English teachers from Europe and established an English school at Thapathali palace in 1910 BS. At present, the school is known as Bhnu Madhyamik Vidyalaya and it is located in Ranipokhari. When Bir Shumsher became the prime minister, he allowed general people to receive education at this school. Before, the school was only for the Rana's children. Dev Shumsher contributed greatly in the field of education by establishing more than 100 language schools in the country. Similarly, Jaya Prithivi Bahadur Singh, the then prince of Bajhang wrote a book named 'Aksharanka Shiksha' for the student of language schools.
Prime Minister Chandra Shumsher set up Tri-Chandra campus in 1975 BS. It is the first college of Nepal. In 1990 BS, during the reign of Juddha Shumsher, SLC Board of Examinations was set up. People were allowed to set up schools. However, the literacy rate before the rise of democracy was only 2 percent.
After the rise of democracy, educational development started rapidly. Many educational institutions were established including the Tribhuvan University, that was established in 2016 BS. Even though, the system of education was not so good. So, in 2028 BS, National Education System Plan was implemented. It introduced vocational education for development of manpower. New curriculum was introduced.
In 2031 BS, Late King Birendra declared free primary education. In 2035 BS, he announced the distribution of books free of cost. In 2038 BS, the curriculum was revised and in 2049, new programmes were introduced.
After 2049 BS, higher education was developed. Several universities like Purbanchal University, Pokhara University, Kathmandu University were established. By 2068, the literacy increased and reached 69.5 percent. Various efforts have been made to lift up education in national and local level.