United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

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Overview

This note provides an information about international agencies: United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)

Over population has been a burning problem of the present world. The pressure of over population has caused environmental degradation. For the conservation of the environment and to control the population growth various international agencies are actively involved. They have been trying hard to solve the problems resulted from over population and policies to run programmes to control population and maintain balance in the environment. They have launced many programmes in villages and towns . In our country, agencies likeUnited Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) , United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), The World Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Environment Programmes (UNEP), International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IOCN) and the world wide Fund for Nature (WWF) have been working.

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)


The UNFPA was established in 1969 AD. At first it was called United Nations Fund for population Activities or UNFPA. Though it was changed as United Nations Population Fund in 1989 AD. It is still written as UNFPA. This agency has been conducting many programmes since its establishment. It has its own working fund, which is an auxiliary part of the United Nations General Council.

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The UNEFPA is the largest multinational agency which supports population related activities. It creates awareness of people in the developed and developing countries. It provides countries with financial and technical supports so that they can cope with the problems resulting from over population and environmental degradation.

Objectives

  1. To encourage the couple to have the desired size of family, good fertility, and health.
  2. To conduct programmes to develop women's status and nursing, health care education.
  3. To help people check environmental degradation and manage the natural resources by balancing population growth and its distribution.
  4. To reduce the pressure of urbanization on people through the development of villages and tows in perfect and balanced way.
  5. To improve quality of life and living standard.

Programmes

Various programmes like integrated national child welfare service, demographic statistics management, population education, vital registration and extension of information, study and research work etc was conducted by UNEFPA. This agency has provided fund for following projects:

  1. To plan National Population policy
  2. To institutionalize the development of manpower
  3. To train health workers
  4. To distribute the means and devices of family planning
  5. To distribute the medicine to the children for their health
  6. To raise the living standard of women
  7. To manage the physical facilities for training

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)


UNICEF was established in 1946 AD. At the beginning, it had the aim to help the war victim children of Europe and China. Later it changed its policy and the general assembly of the United Nations adopted a policy to help the children of the developing countries. This organization gives emphasis on uprooting the problems in the following areas.

  1. Education
  2. Nutrition
  3. Environmental sanitation
  4. Health
  5. Supply of pure drinking water
Objectives

  1. To help the nations to successfully use different types of programmes for children's development
  2. To encourage the agencies of the UNO, government and non-government organizations involved in fulfilling the needs of children
  3. To help countries to protect and promote the right of the children, provide vaccinations, conserve water resources, care personal health and manage healthy food
It has helped the community forests of rural area and the multipurpose afforestation programmes to increase people's participation in the promotion and conservation of forests. UNICEF has interest in programmes that develop the settlement of people coming from village to towns, living in slums and poor settlements and aims to raise their economic status. Another main function of UNICEF is to provide education, training and empowers mothers.
UNICEF conducted a special environmental project in 1990 AD. Some other programmes like agricultural forest, environmental sanitation, use of proper modern technology etc were too included in this programme. Similarly, it also conducts training programmes for regional workers and women.
Things to remember
  • In our country, agencies likeUnited Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) , United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), The World Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Environment Programmes (UNEP), International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IOCN) and the world wide Fund for Nature (WWF) have been working.
  • The UNEFPA is the largest multinational agency which supports population related activities.
  • The UNICEF conducts the programmes like agricultural forest, environmental sanitation, use of proper modern technology etc were too included in this programme. Similarly, it also conducts training programmes for regional workers and women.
  • It includes every relationship which established among the people.
  • There can be more than one community in a society. Community smaller than society.
  • It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched.
  • common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society.
Questions and Answers

The objective of the UNFPA are:

  1. To encourage the couple to have the desired size of family, good fertility, and health.
  2. To conduct programmes to develop women's status and nursing, health care education.
  3. To help people check environmental degradation and manage the natural resources by balancing population growth and its distribution.
  4. To reduce the pressure of urbanization on people through the development of villages and tows in perfect and balanced way.
  5. To improve quality of life and living standard.

The function of the UNFPA in Nepal are:

  1. To plan National Population policy
  2. To institutionalize the development of manpower
  3. To train health workers
  4. To distribute the means and devices of family planning
  5. To distribute the medicine to the children for their health
  6. To raise the living standard of women
  7. To manage the physical facilities for training.

The objective of the UNICEF are as follow:

  1. To help the nations to successfully use different types of programmes for children's development
  2. To encourage the agencies of the UNO, government and non-government organizations involved in fulfilling the needs of children
  3. To help countries to protect and promote the right of the children, provide vaccinations, conserve water resources, care personal health and manage healthy food.

UNICEFhas helped the community forests of rural area and the multipurpose afforestation programmes to increase people's participation in the promotion and conservation of forests. UNICEF has interest in programmes that develop the settlement of people coming from village to towns, living in slums and poor settlements and aims to raise their economic status. Another main function of UNICEF is to provide education, training and empowers mothers.
UNICEF conducted a special environmental project in 1990 AD. Some other programmes like agricultural forest, environmental sanitation, use of proper modern technology etc were too included in this programme. Similarly, it also conducts training programmes for regional workers and women.

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